Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
III. The debate over the Constitution in Maryland, 4 December 1787-29 April 1788, pp. 101-428 ff.
COMMENTARIES, 4 DECEMBER 1787 to prevent an emission, whereas the opponents to it, on the other hand, exclaim with equal bitterness, that those electors, generally speaking, who had been in the preceding House of Delegates, were predeter- mined to vote against all but paper-money men-Neither side would have ventured to use such harsh language, had the members of both branches of Legislation been equally and peremptorily precluded from assisting to chuse the Senate. Too many of those red-hot Whigs, who are opposed to the Federal Constitution, insist that the Tories (among whom they ungenerously include the whole body of Nonjurors,8 without reflecting there were many real good Whigs among them, and great numbers were restrained from taking the test by conscientious scruples) have combined together in carrying it through from an inveterate aversion to a republican Gov- ernment, therefore to guard against the effects of any future jealousies and suspicions (however erroneous they may be) of the preponderancy of a disaffected influence among us, though every man of a liberal turn of mind must wish the obliteration of all past political distinctions, and a cordial union of every description of men to promote the general welfare, which may ultimately be effected by the late restoration of the nonjurors to the privileges of citizenship, as no man ought to be taxed without being represented, policy requires, that no nonjuror should offer himself as a candidate, to the Convention, unless generally admitted by all ranks of people to be uncommonly well versed in the principles of Governments-For my own part, from principles of conciliation, I am glad, that there are several respectable nonjurors in the present House of Delegates, and only for the reason, above stated, could wish to send some of them to the Convention. If the people in the different counties will but make a point of del- egating sensible, honest and dispassionate men to the Convention, and excluding alike from it both the outrageous opponents to, or advocates for, the new Constitution, against whom, from circumstances, there are reasonable grounds of suspecting their being more actuated by motives of avarice, ambition or faction, than a desire to render real services to their country, the final decision of that body will probably meet with general approbation, therefore they should be at liberty to exercise their own judgments, unrestricted by instructions, for though the peo- ple are right in instructing their members of Assembly upon any par- ticular act, every material part of which may be comprehended in one view, yet it cannot be deemed offensive to observe, that a decided ma- jority of the people at large are always too much enveloped in their professional and domestic occupations, to afford them either leisure or 107
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