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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

II. The Maryland General Assembly calls a state convention, 23 November-1 December 1787,   pp. 68-100


Page 91

LEGISLATURE, 29 NOVEMBER 1787
furnish no instance of such a second branch in Federal Governmts.
The seperate States are competent to the Government of Individuals
and a Government of States ought to be Federal, and which the object
of calling Convention, and not to establish a National Government. It
begins We the People-And the powers are made to flow from them
in the first instance. That in Federal Governments an equal voice in
each State is essential, as being all in a State of Nature with respect to
each other Whereas the only figure in this Constitution that has any
resemblance to a federal one, is the equality of Senate-but the 4th
Section gives the power to Congress to strike out, at least to render
Nugatory this, the most valuable part of it. It cannot be supposed that
any State would refuse to send Representatives, when they would be
bound whether they sent Deputies or not, and if it was intended to
relate to the cases of Insurrection or Invasion, why not by express words
confine the power to these objects?
S: 6th. By this Article the Senators when elected are made indepen-
dant of the State they represent. They are to serve six Years, to pay
themselves out of the General Treasury, and are not paid by the State,
nor can be recalled for any misconduct or sacrafice of the Interest of
their State that they make before the expiration of that period. They
are not only Legislative, but make a part of the Executive, which all
wise Governments have thought it essential to keep seperated. They are
the National Council; and none can leave their private concerns and
their Homes for such a period and consent to such a service, but those
who place their future views on the emoluments flowing from the Gen-
eral Government-Tho' a Senator cannot be appointed to an office
created by himself, He may to any that has been antecedently estab-
lished; and by removing Old Officers, to new Offices, their places may
be occupied by themselves and thus the Door opened to evade and
infringe the Constitution. When America was under the British Domin-
ion every matter was conducted within a narrow Circle in the Provincial
Government, greatly to the ease and convenience of the people. The
Habits thus acquired are opposed to extensive Governments, and the
extent of this, as a National one, cannot possibly be ever carried into
effect-
S: 2: Slaves ought never to be considered in Representation, because,
they are Property. They afford a rule as such in Taxation; but are Cit-
izens intrusted in the General Government, no more than Cattle, Horses,
Mules or Asses; and a Gentleman in Debate very pertinently observed
that he would as soon enter into Compacts, with the Asses Mules, or
Horses of the Ancient Dominion as with their Slaves-When there is
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