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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

II. The Maryland General Assembly calls a state convention, 23 November-1 December 1787,   pp. 68-100


Page 88

II. STATE CONVENTION CALLED
but also on the Laws of each respective State in the Union. Should the
representation from the other States be compleat, and by a Miracle ten
States be so united as upon any occasion to procure a Majority; yet the
President by his Negative might defeat the best intentions for the public
good. Such a Government would be a Government by ajunto and bind
hand and foot all the other States in the Union On this occasion the
House will please to remember that Mr. Bo was in the Chair, and Gen-
eral Washington and the Venerable Franklin on the floor, and led by
State influence, neither of them objected to this System, but on the
Contrary it seemed to meet their warm and cordial approbation4-I
revere those worthy Personages as much as any man can do, but I could
not compliment them by a sacrafice of the trust reposed in me by this
State by acquiescing in their opinion. Then it was Mr. Speaker that
those persons who were labouring for the general good, brought for-
ward a different System-The absence of Mr. McHenry unhappily left
MaryLand with only two representatives, and they differed: New Hamp-
shire Delegates were also absent. Mr. Patterson from Jersey introduced
this new System,5 by which it was proposed, that the Laws of the Con-
federacy should be the Laws of each State-and therefore the State
Judiciaries to have Cognizance in the first instance and the Federal
Courts to have an Apelant Jurisdiction only-
The first measure that took place on the Jersey System was to pass a
vote not to receive it-Three parties now appeared in Convention; one
were for abolishing all the State Governments; another for such a Gov-
ernment as would give an influence to particular States-and a third
party were truly Federal, and acting for general Equallity-They were
for considering, reforming and amending the Federal Government,
from time to time as experience might point out its imperfections, 'till
it could be made competent to every exigence of State, and afford at
the same time ample security to Liberty and general Welfare But this
scheme was so opposite to the views of the other two, that the Monar-
chical Party6 finding little chance of succeeding in their wishes joined
the others and by that measure plainly shewed they were endeavouring
to form such a Government as from its inequality must bring in time
their System forward, or at least much nearer in practice than it could
otherwise be obtained-
When the principles of opposition were thus formed and brought
forward by the 2d. S: respecting the manner of representation, it was
urged by a Member of Pensylvania, that nothing but necessity had in-
duced the larger States to give up in forming the Confederacy, the
Equality of Representation according to numbers-That all govern-
ments flowed from the people, and that their happiness being the end
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