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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

II. The Maryland General Assembly calls a state convention, 23 November-1 December 1787,   pp. 68-100


Page 86

II. STATE CONVENTION CALLED
States-I myself could not approve of it throughout, but I saw no pros-
pect of getting a better-the whole however is the result of that spirit
of Amity which directed the wishes of all for the general good, and
where those sentiments govern it will meet I trust, [with?] a Kind and
Cordial reception.9
1. MS, John Leeds Bozman Family Papers, DLC. The manuscript is in the handwriting
of Archibald Golder, one of the clerks of the House of Delegates. Bozman (1757-1823),
a native of Maryland's Eastern Shore, was a lawyer, poet, and historian of Maryland, who
served as a deputy attorney general of Maryland from 1789 to 1807 under Luther Martin.
For praise of McHenry's address to the House by an unidentified delegate, see Maryland
journal, 7 December (RCS:Md., 111).
McHenry attended the Constitutional Convention from 28 to 31 May and from 6
August, the day on which the Committee of Detail reported the first draft of the Consti-
tution, until the Convention adjourned on 17 September. He was one of the three Mary-
land delegates to sign the Constitution on 17 September. McHenry was one of the Con-
stitutional Convention delegates who took notes of the debates. Max Farrand, editor of
the records of the Convention, states that for the second half of the Convention, Mc-
Henry's notes are second only to the Convention journal and delegate James Madison's
notes (Farrand, I, xx-xxi).
2. For McHenry's notes of Virginia Governor Edmund Randolph's speech to the Con-
stitutional Convention on 29 May, see Farrand, I, 24-27. In this speech, Randolph pre-
sented fifteen resolutions designed to create "a strong consolidated union." The resolu-
tions had been drafted by Virginia's Convention delegates before the Convention met.
For the resolutions, see CDR, 243-45, and Farrand, I, 20-22, 27-28; and for other ver-
sions of Randolph's speech besides that of McHenry, see Farrand, I, 18-19, 23-24.
3. In McHenry's notes the resolution reads: "That a union of the States merely federal
will not accomplish the object proposed by the articles of confederation, namely 'common
defence, security of liberty, and general welfare'" (Farrand, I, 40). For other versions of
the resolutions presented by Randolph on 30 May, see Farrand, I, 30, 31, 33, 35, 40, 41.
4. For the report of the Committee of Detail, see CDR, 260-69, and Farrand, II, 177-
89.
5. The third page of McHenry's manuscript ends abruptly at this point. The next page
begins with a discussion of Article I, section 2 of the Constitution.
6. For the text of Benjamin Franklin's speech of 11 June, see Farrand, I, 197-200.
McHenry, who had left the Constitutional Convention by 1 June, had obtained a copy of
Franklin's speech from fellow Maryland delegate Daniel Carroll. (See Daniel Carroll to
Benjamin Franklin, 2 December [RCS:Md., 97].)
7. See Article V, section 4 of the Committee of Detail's report (CDR, 262, and Farrand,
II, 179).
8. Article VIII of the Articles of Confederation provided that Congress requisition the
states for money to pay for "All charges of war, and all other expences that shall be
incurred for the common defence or general welfare. ..." Taxes were to be "laid and
levied by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several states . . ." (CDR,
89). For two other Constitutional Convention delegates who made similar points, see
"The Report of Connecticut's Delegates to the Constitutional Convention," New Haven
Gazette, 25 October (CC:192; and RCS:Conn. 351-53); and "A Citizen of New Haven"
(Roger Sherman), Connecticut Courant, 7 January 1788 (RCS:Conn., 525, 526).
86


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