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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

II. The Maryland General Assembly calls a state convention, 23 November-1 December 1787,   pp. 68-100


Page 85

LEGISLATURE, 29 NOVEMBER 1787
Convention. Hence unproductive States cannot draw a revenue from
productive States into the Public Treasury, nor unproductive States be
hampered in their Manufactures to the emolument of others. When
the Public Money is lodged in its Treasury there can be no regulation
more consistant with the Spirit of Economy and free Government that
it shall only be drawn forth under appropriations by Law and this part
of the proposed Constitution could meet with no opposition as the
People who give their Money ought to know in what manner it is ex-
pended.
That no Titles of Nobility shall be granted by the United States will
preserve it is hoped, the present Union from the Evils of Aristocracy.
S: 10. It was contended by many that the States ought to be permitted
to Emit Bills of Credit where their local Circumstances might require
it without prejudice to the obligations arising from private Contracts;
but this was overruled by a vast Majority as the best security that could
be given for the Public faith at home and the extension of Commerce
with Foreigners.
Article the 2nd.
S: 1st. The Election of the President according to the Report of the
Committee of Detail was intended to have been by ballot of both
Houses; to hold his appointment for Seven Years, and not be Capable
to be reelected; but this mode gave an undue influance to the large
States, and paved the way to faction and Corruption-all are guarded
against by the present method, as the most exalted Characters can only
be Known throughout the whole Union-His power when elected is
check'd by the Consent of the Senate to the appointment of Officers,
and without endangering Liberty by the junction of the Executive and
Legislative in this instance.
Article the 3rd.
S: 1st. The judicial power of the United States underwent a full in-
vestigation-it is impossible for me to Detail the observations that were
delivered on that subject-The right of tryal by Jury was left open and
undefined from the difficulty attending any limitation to so valuable a
priviledge, and from the persuasion that Congress might hereafter make
provision more suitable to each respective State-To suppose that mode
of Tryal intended to be abolished would be to suppose the Represen-
tatives in Convention to act contrary to the Will of their Constituents,
and Contrary to their own Interest.-
Thus Mr. Speaker I have endeavour'd to give this Honorable House
the best information in my power on this important Subject-Many
parts of this proposed Constitution were warmly opposed, other parts
it was found impossible to reconcile to the Clashing Interest of different
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