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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

II. The Maryland General Assembly calls a state convention, 23 November-1 December 1787,   pp. 68-100


Page 84

II. STATE CONVENTION CALLED
existing in either Branch of the Legislature, the public Good might
require, and the Senate ought to possess powers coexistive in this par-
ticular with the House of Representatives The Larger States hoped for
an advantage by confirming this priviledge to that Branch where their
numbers predominated, and it ended in a compromise by which the
Lesser States obtained a power of amendment in the Senate-The Neg-
ative given to the President underwent an amendment, and was finally
restored to its present form, in the hope that a Revision of the subject
and the objections offered against it might contribute in some instances
to perfect those regulations that inattention or other motives had at
first rendered imperfect-
S 8. The power given to Congress to lay taxes contains nothing more
than is comprehended in the spirit of the eigth article of the Confed-
eration.8 To prevent any Combination of States, Duties, Imposts and
Excises shall be equal in all, and if such a Duty is laid on foreign Tonage
as to give an advantage in the first instance to the Eastern States, it will
operate as a bounty to our own Ship-builders. If an oppressive Act
should be obtained to the prejudice of the Southern States, it will al-
ways be subject to be regulated by a Majority, and would be repealed
as soon as felt. That at most it could prevail no longer than 'till that
Jealousy should be awakened which must have slept when it passed,
and which could never prevail but under a supposed Combination of
the President and the two Houses of the Legislature.
S. 9. Convention were anxious to procure a perpetual decree against
the Importation of Slaves; but the Southern States could not be brought
to consent to it-All that could possibly be obtained was a temporary
regulation which the Congress may vary hereafter.
Public safety may require a suspension of the Ha: Corpus in cases of
necessity: when those cases do not exist, the virtuous Citizen will ever
be protected in his opposition to power, 'till corruption shall have oblit-
erated every sense of Honor & Virtue from a Brave and free People.
Convention have also provided against any direct or Capitation Tax but
according to an equal proportion among the respective States: This was
thought a necessary precaution though it was the idea of every one
that government would seldom have recourse to direct Taxation, and
that the objects of Commerce would be more than sufficient to answer
the common exigencies of State and should further supplies be nec-
essary, the power of Congress would not be exercised while the respec-
tive States would raise those supplies in any other manner more suitable
to their own inclinations-That no Duties shall be laid on Exports or
Tonage, on Vessells bound from one State to another is the effect of
that attention to general Equality that governed the deliberations of
84


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