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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

II. The Maryland General Assembly calls a state convention, 23 November-1 December 1787,   pp. 68-100


Page 83

LEGISLATURE, 29 NOVEMBER 1787
Senate which 'till then the larger States had contended ought to be
formed like the other branch by a Representation according to num-
bers-
S 3d. The Classing the Senate so as to produce the proposed change
was established by Convention on the principle that a Rotation of power
is essential to Liberty No qualification of property was adopted, that
merit alone might advance unclogged by such restriction. It did not
pass however unattempted; but the proposed rate of property by the
South, was thought much too high by the East, as that by the East on
the Contrary was deemed too low by the South.-
The Committee of Detail by their report had at first given to the
Senate the choice of their own President7 but to avoid Cabal and undue
influence, it was thought better to alter it. And the power of trying
impeachments was lodged with this Body as more likely to be governed
by cool and candid investigation, than by those heats that too often
inflame and influence more populous Assemblys
S 4. It was thought expedient to vest the Congress with the powers
contained in this Section, which particular exigencies might require
them to exercise, and which the immediate representatives of the Peo-
ple can never be supposed capable of wantonly abusing to the prejudice
of their Constituents-Convention had in Contemplation the possible
events of Insurrection, Invasion, and even to provide against any dis-
position that might occur hereafter in any particular State to thwart
the measures of the General Government on the other hand by an
Assembly once a Year Security is Annually given to the People against
encroachments of the Governments on their Liberty.
S 5. Respects only the particular privileges and Regulations of each
branch of the Legislature.
S 6. That the attendance of Members in the General Legislature at a
great distance from their respective abodes might not be obstructed and
in some instances prevented either by design or otherwise in withholding
any Compensation for their Services, Convention thought it most ad-
viseable to pay them out of the General Treasury, otherwise a represen-
tation might some times fail when the Public Exigence might require
that attendance-Whether any Members of the Legislature should be
Capable of holding any Office during the time for which he was Elected
created much division in Sentiment in Convention; but to avoid as
much as possible every motive for Corruption, was at length settled in
the form it now bears by a very large Majority.
S: 7. Much was also said on the Priviledge that the immediate Rep-
resentatives of the People had in originating all Bills to create a Reve-
nue: It was opposed by others on the principle that, in a Government
of this Nature flowing from the People without any Heriditary rights
83


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