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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

II. The Maryland General Assembly calls a state convention, 23 November-1 December 1787,   pp. 68-100


Page 81

LEGISLATURE, 29 NOVEMBER 1787
3rd. It is incapable of producing certain blessings the Objects of all
good governments, Justice, Domestic Tranquillity, Common Defence
Security to Liberty and general Welfare-Congress have no powers by
imposts to discharge their internal engagements or to sustain their
Credit with Foreigners they have no powers to restrain the Emission of
Bills of Credit issued to the destruction of foreign Commerce-the
perversion of National Justice and violation of private Contracts-they
have no power to promote inland Navigation, encourage Agriculture
or Manufactures
4th. They have no means to defend themselves against the most di-
rect encroachments-in every Congress there is a party opposed to
Federal Measures-In every state even there is a party opposed to ef-
ficient Government, the wisest regulations may therefore [be] thwarted
and evaded: the Legislature be treated with insult and derision and
there is no power, no force to carry their Laws into execution, or to
punish the Offenders who oppose them.
5th. The Confederation is inferior to the State Constitutions and
cannot therefore have that controul over them which it necessarily re-
quires-the State Governments were first formed and the federal Gov-
ernment derived out of them wherefore the Laws of the respective
States are paramount and cannot be controuled by the Acts of Con-
gress-
He then descanted with Energy on our respective situations from
New Hampshire to Georgia, on the Situation of our joint National Af-
fairs at Home and abroad and drew the Conclusion that all were on
the brink of ruin and desolation-That once dissolve the tie by which
we are united and alone preserved and the prediction of our Enemies
would be compleat in the blood shed in contending and opposite in-
terests-That perhaps this was the last, the only opportunity we should
ever have to avoid or remedy those impending evils-The Eyes of all
actuated by hopes or fears were fixed upon the proceedings of this
Convention and if the present meeting founded in a spirit of Benevo-
lence and General Good, did not correct, or reform our present Situ-
ation, it would end most assuredly in the Shame and ruin of ourselves
and the Tryumph of others-He therefore moved that it be "Resolved
the Articles of the Confederation ought to be corrected and enlarged"
and for that purpose submitted certain resolves to the further Consid-
eration of the Convention-Convention being thus in possession of
these propositions on the thirtieth of May Resolved to go into a con-
sideration of them when the Honorable Gentleman who first brought
them forward moved to withdraw the two first Resolutions, and to sub-
stitute the following in lieu of them-ist. That the Union of the States
81


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