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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

I. The debate over the Constitution in Maryland, 17 September-30 November 1787,   pp. 3-67


Page 7

COMMENTARIES, 22 SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 1787
On 26 September and 3 October, Matthias Bartgis printed the Con-
stitutional Convention's report in his Fredericktown weekly, the Mary-
land Chronicle, under the heading that had been used in the Pennsyl-
vania Gazette of 19 September. This same title was used by Frederick
and Samuel Green in their Annapolis weekly, the Maryland Gazette, on
27 September, when that paper printed the report.
On 23 November, the Maryland Senate read the four-page broadside
containing the report of the Constitutional Convention authorized by
the Confederation Congress and attested by its secretary Charles Thom-
son. Printed by John M'Lean, the broadside also contained Congress'
resolution of 28 September recommending that the state legislatures
call conventions to consider the Constitution (Evans 20817). On 1 De-
cember, the Maryland legislature authorized the election of delegates
to a state ratifying convention when the Senate concurred in resolu-
tions previously adopted by the House of Delegates. Upon receiving
news of the Senate's concurrence, the lower house "ORDERED, That
the printer to this state be directed to print immediately, two thousand
copies of the proceedings of the federal convention, transmitted to the
general assembly through the medium of congress, and of the resolu-
tions of the general assembly thereon, to be distributed for the infor-
mation of the citizens of this state." The House of Delegates also or-
dered that Matthias Bartgis print 300 copies of the Convention's report,
in German, to be equally distributed in Frederick, Washington, and Bal-
timore counties (RCS:Md., 99).
Frederick Green, the state printer and co-publisher of the Annapolis
Maryland Gazette, printed a three-page broadside of the report of the
Constitutional Convention and the resolutions of the Maryland Gen-
eral Assembly calling a state convention to consider the Constitution
in that order (Evans 45092). At the top of the first page Green included
verbatim the order of House of Delegates to print two thousand copies
of the report (see above). In Fredericktown, Matthias Bartgis printed
a German translation of the Convention's report in an eighteen-page,
octavo-sized pamphlet entitled "Verfahren der Vereinigten Convention, ge-
halten zu Philadelphia, In dem Jahr 1787, Und dem Zwolften Jahr der Amer-
icanischen Unabhangigkeit." The title page also included a brief statement
about the House of Delegates' order to translate and print the report,
the place of publication (Fredericktown), and Bartgis' colophon (Evans
20814). The date of publication was not given. The state of Maryland
paid Bartgis £15 for translating and printing this German-language edi-
tion (Journal of Accounts, 1788, Maryland State Archives).


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