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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

Note on sources,   pp. lvii-lxxii

Page lxiii

of contention, are apt to be unguarded, and to use expressions
which in their cooler moments they would disapprove.-The in-
sertion of pieces, relative to private characters, are of all others the
most disagreeable to a publisher, and being generally uninteresting
to the public, it becomes necessary to require a pecuniary emol-
ument for such performances.-The Editor, therefore, wishing to
preserve and promote the harmony of the community, and also to
give a check to the progress of defamation, gives notice, that all
pieces of a private personal nature, must be paid for previous to
their admission, and the name of the writer left with him.
On 4 July Hayes published his most definitive policy statement:
"Good name, in man or woman is the immediate jewel of the
soul." Convinced of the propriety of this sentiment, the Editor has
been extremely desirous to preserve the peace of the community,
and impartially to protect, to the utmost of his power, as a printer,
the reputation of individuals. -This has been the ruling principle
of his conduct, and he is greatly chagrined to find his endeavours
to stop the progress of defamation, and to blunt the edge of public
calumny, has been misconstrued.-The ideas of men, respecting
the liberty of the press, and the conducting of the printing busi-
ness, are various, and the line between liberty and licentiousness,
is not always clearly discriminated-But every printer must con-
sider himself as a servant of that community, with whom he resides,
and whose reputation and honor must be endeared to him from
motives of gratitude and friendship.-The Editor of this paper
must now most pointedly declare, that if gentlemen are determined
openly and without disguise, to attack the reputation of each other,
and, not content with the strictures on professional merit, which
alone can interest the public, will disclose the infirmities of private
life- they must hereafter sign their names to their performances, and
pay for them previous to insertion; for the Editor cannot deem it
worth his while to make entries in his books of such disagreeable
In his very next issue, Hayes refused to print "Celius" who had not
followed the above procedure. (For an even longer defense of his im-
partiality, see the Baltimore Maryland Gazette, 30 September [Mfm:Md.
The Maryland, Journal and Baltimore Advertiser was established in 1773
by William Goddard (1740-1817), a native of Connecticut, who had
worked as a printer or who had owned newspapers in Connecticut,

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