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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

Note on sources,   pp. lvii-lxxii

Page lxi

Convention's proceedings, the address of the Antifederalist Convention
minority, and two brief comments on the address. It rarely reported on
the ratification debate in other states, although it faithfully reprinted
rumors and reports of events in other states, especially the actual rati-
fications of the Constitution by state conventions. The Gazette was es-
pecially thorough reporting on the proceedings of the New York Con-
vention which ratified the Constitution on 26 July 1788, making New
York the eleventh one to ratify.
The Maryland Gazette; or the Baltimore Advertiser was established on 16
May 1783 byJohn Hayes. On 27 February 1787 it became a semiweekly
and remained so until 6 January 1792. The Maryland Gazette thrived in
Baltimore despite stiff competition from the Maryland Journal, run by
the Goddards (see below). The rivalry was generally a friendly one
except when, in the mid-1780s, Hayes broke Goddard's monopoly over
the almanac business.
Hayes printed or reprinted a mix of Federalist and Antifederalist
material. Prior to 28 December 1787 Hayes printed no original Anti-
federalist pieces but reprinted several important items from out-of-state
newspapers. On the 28th Hayes printed the first installment of Luther
Martin's voluminous and vigorous Antifederalist essays entitled Genuine
Information. The series concluded when the twelfth installment appeared
on 8 February 1788. A week later the Baltimore Maryland Gazette started
its publication of the rabidly Antifederalist essays by "A Farmer" (pos-
sibly written by John Francis Mercer). When the series ended on 25
April, the Gazette had printed seven numbers of "A Farmer" in fourteen
parts. The amount of space that Hayes devoted to these two series
crowded out most other original Antifederalist essays (if any were sub-
mitted for publication) and all Antifederalist material that could have
been reprinted from out-of-state newspapers.
The Federalist items that appeared in the Baltimore Maryland Gazette
were slightly skewed toward out-of-state material. The original Feder-
alist items tended to be shorter pieces, with several series of two or
three essays and the rest single items by individual authors. The out-of-
state material was dominated by the reprinting of the four "An Amer-
ican Citizen" and nine "Fabius" essays (see CC:100-A, 677). All of the
reprinted Federalist essays were quality pieces.
The Maryland Gazette printed pieces addressed to the voters in Anne
Arundel and Baltimore counties and Baltimore Town in the run-up to
the election of state Convention delegates in April 1788, the amend-
ments presented by William Paca in the Convention, the Address of
the Antifederalist minority in the Convention, an account of the Fed-
eral Procession in Baltimore celebrating Maryland's ratification, and

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