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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

Note on sources,   pp. lvii-lxxii

Page lix

on the upcoming election for delegates to the Maryland Convention
that was written by George Lux, who also published newspaper articles
on the election under his own name. The Society owns a five-page
document that may be notes for a speech that Charles Carroll of Car-
rollton intended to deliver to the Maryland Convention had he been
elected a Convention delegate.
Letters to Horatio Gates from Marylanders are in the Gates Papers
at both the New-York Historical Society and the New York Public Li-
brary. The latter also has a copy of a manuscript itemizing numerous
objections to the Constitution by Samuel Chase, a leader of the Anti-
federalist minority in the Maryland Convention. Chase's granddaughter
lent the original manuscript to historian George Bancroft who had a
copy of it made.
The Maryland State Archives has a forty-page manuscript of notes
for a speech that Charles Carroll of Carrollton intended to deliver to
the Maryland Convention if elected to that body. The National Archives
preserves the Maryland Form of Ratification and the only surviving
copy of the Maryland Convention's journal. A portion of the journal
through the vote to ratify the Constitution had been forwarded to Con-
gress with the Form of Ratification.
From September 1787 through July 1788, four newspapers were pub-
lished in Maryland at one time or another. Two newspapers, the Mary-
land Gazette and the Maryland Journal, were printed in Baltimore. The
third newspaper, the Maryland Chronicle, was printed in Frederick. The
last newspaper, also titled the Maryland Gazette, was based in Annapo-
lis-the state capital and meeting place of both the state legislature
and Maryland Convention. The Baltimore newspapers were published
semiweekly on Tuesday and Friday, while the Annapolis and Frederick
newspapers appeared weekly, the Annapolis paper on Thursday and the
Frederick paper on Wednesday. The Baltimore and the Annapolis news-
papers have almost complete runs from September 1787 through July
1788. The Frederick newspaper has nearly a complete run for Septem-
ber through December 1787 and almost no extant issues for 1788.
The numerous arguments in Maryland's ratification debate were well
covered in the two Baltimore newspapers-the Maryland Gazette and
the Maryland Journal. The Federalist and Antifederalist positions were
well represented in both newspapers. These two newspapers printed
many major original pieces and both, especially the Journal, reprinted
major pieces from the newspapers of other states. The Annapolis Mary-
land Gazette was not a major participant in the debate, while not enough

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