Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
XIX: The Turks in Iran and Anatolia before the Mongol invasions, pp. 660-692 PDF (12.0 MB)
Ch. XIX THE TURKS IN IRAN AND ANATOLIA 667 One can discern the efforts of an-Nãsir throughout the whole range of Islamic religious life. He strove to control education by granting licenses to teach. He encouraged his spiritual collaborator Shihãb-ad-Din ' Umar (as-)Suhrawardi to found a religious order. But in completing the practical development of a society in Iran and Mesopotamia distinct from that of Syria, he was remarkably indifferent to the idea of a Holy War against the Franks. The Moslem princes of Syria respected him and notified him of their victories; he sent them some assistance, but the jihad never played a part in his religious propaganda. It was inevitable that an-Näsir's activity, in some respects such a novel departure, won him many enemies. When the Mongols suddenly burst on the scene, he would be accused of having deliberately brought on the disaster in order to crush the Khorezmians.
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