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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

XII: The Crusade of Frederick II,   pp. 429-462 PDF (20.5 MB)


Page 460

 460 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES II 
complained that even the churches were taken over as vantage points. Monks
who had been authorized by the patriarch to preach in opposition to the emperor
were seized and whipped. Messages sent by Gerald to the pope were intercepted
by Frederick; Gerald had to send multiple letters, employing several messengers.
109 But Frederick was unable to check the opposition, and Gerald was now
so angry that he would accept nothing short of abject surrender. 
 From Italy came word that John of Brienne, leading the papal forces, had
entered Apulia, and now was in the process of seizing the ports with the
object of taking the emperor prisoner upon his arrival.110 Forced to sail
for the west, Frederick ordered all surplus weapons, siege machines, and
other instruments of war taken to the ships or destroyed to keep them out
of Gerald's hands. He named Balian of Sidon and Warner the German as bailies
of Jerusalem, and sold the bailliage of Cyprus for a term of three years
to longstanding foes of the Ibelins. He left a strong garrison to protect
the imperial interests in Acre and, as a counterbalance to the Templars,
helped the Teutonic Knights to redeem the territory around their stronghold,
Montfort, which dominated the city of Acre." 
 On the first day of May the emperor embarked from Acre, not without some
hostile demonstrations from the inhabitants. Cypriote sources relate that,
although Frederick had arranged to depart secretly at an early hour, he was
followed to the harbor, through the street of the butchers, and pelted "with
tripe and bits of meat most scurrilously." John of Ibelin, who accompanied
the emperor to his galley, had to intervene with force to restore order.
112 These accounts, however, appear to have been written deliberately to
emphasize the degradation of the emperor and the strength and gallantry of
John of Ibelin. The seven galleys proceeded first to Cyprus, where Frederick
was present at the marriage — apparently by proxy — of the king
to Alice, the sister of the marquis of Montferrat. Then, after a rapid voyage,
the emperor landed secretly, on June 10, at Brindisi. Frederick had been
in Apulia a month before Gregory IX had even heard of his departure from
Acre.113 
 Although the emperor's coming had taken the pope unawares, his subjects
in Sicily responded so fast and so favorably to his 
 109 Huillard-Bréholles, III, 110 and 138 ff. 
 110 Ibid., III, 112. One must conclude with Kestner, Kreuz. Fried., Beilage
I, p. 70, that this information came directly from Reginald of Spoleto. 
 111 Eracles (RHC, 0cc., II), p. 375; Huillard-Bréholles, III, 117
ff. 
 112 Philip of Novara, Mémoires, p. 24, par. XLIII. See also F. Amadi,
Chron. (ed. R. de Mas Latrie, Documents inedits sur l'histoire de France,
1st ser., Paris, 1891), I, 135—136. 
 113 Breve chronicon de rebus Siculis, in Huillard—Bréholles,
I, part a, 902—903; Burchard, Urspergensium chronicon (MGH, SS., XXIII),
p. 383; Huillard-Bréholles, III, 146. 


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