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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

XII: The Crusade of Frederick II,   pp. 429-462 PDF (20.5 MB)


Page 458

 458 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES 
pilgrims for Jerusalem, which he entered on March 17, 1229. Here the agent
of the sultan, the qadi Shams-ad-Din, awaited his arrival to make the formal
surrender. The German pilgrims hailed the event with unbounded rejoicing.
In his letter to the pope, Gerald would refer somewhat scornfully to these
German pilgrims, "who had fought only to visit the Holy Sepulcher". On the
morning of March 1 8, the army and the pilgrims proceeded to the church of
the Holy Sepulcher. Frederick entered and, advancing swiftly to the high
altar, took the crown and placed it upon his own head. Hermann of Saiza then
read to the congregation, first in German and then in French, the emperor's
statement reviewing events from the moment of his taking the cross at Aachen.
He described the harsh measures of the pope in opposing him, placing the
blame not upon the pope, but rather upon those who had falsely informed the
pope. By implication then, his bitterest remarks were directed at the patriarch
and his followers, described as false Christians who had endeavored to blacken
Frederick's character and who had maliciously hindered the peace. 104 
 Leaving the church and still wearing the crown, the emperor proceeded to
the palace of the Hospitallers, where he began negotia tions with the English
bishops, the masters of the Teutonic Knights and the Hospitallers, the preceptor
of the Templars, and others, respecting the fortifications of the city. No
decision was reached, and time was asked for consideration until the following
day, March 19. Gerald's plans had gone awry, for it was not until the morning
of the 19th that the archbishop of Caesarea arrived to proclaim the interdict.
But the time had passed when this could check the plans of the emperor; the
interdict could serve only to stir the anger of the people. Frederick was
now in a position to place the responsibility for the imbroglio squarely
on the patriarch. After his later reconciliation with Frederick, Gregory
IX himself had to take steps against the obstinate Gerald as a source of
discord in the Holy Land.105 
 It is from the account of Gerald that we learn of Frederick's movements
on March 19. Early in the morning he betook himself and his entire following
outside Jerusalem. To everyone's astonish ment he was preparing for an immediate
departure. Perceiving this, the representatives of the orders with whom he
had been negotiating concerning the fortifications hastened to him, offering
to support 
104 Huillard-Bréholles, III, 100, 109, and Roger of Wendover, Flores
historiarum, II, 
365 ff., 373. 
105 105 MGH, Epp. pont., I, n. 467. See also Röhricht, Konigreich Jerusalem,
p. 799, n. 7. 


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