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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

III: The Crusades of Frederick Barbarossa and Henry VI,   pp. 86-122 PDF (16.5 MB)


Page 111

Ch. III THE CRUSADES OF FREDERICK I AND HENRY VI III 
make the most of the passage of these westerners through their land. Godfrey
of Wiesenbach had appeared with an embassy from Kilij Arslan before the Germans
had left Adrianople, and through this embassy the sultan had promised "the
very best market throughout his land." In fact, however, the old sultan
had already divided his domain among his sons, the eldest of whom, Qutb-ad-Din
Malik-Shah, had imprisoned his father and seized Iconium.29 Qutb-ad-Din had
also sent an envoy to Adrianople bearing letters in which he "likewise
asserted steadfastly that he would follow him [Frederick] with devotion and
loyal obedience." The Germans subsequently concluded that this envoy
"sang so guilefully in order to hurt and deceive the most faithful emperor
and overthrow the innocent Christian army, and the Lord's Christian people,
who were in exile for the love of His passion." 
 The march across the mountainous terrain to Iconium (April 28- May 18) was
the most difficult, costly, and trying of the whole journey. Often without
food and drink for men and horses, subject to constant flank attacks from
the fleet Turkish cavalry, traversing hazardous and unknown territory, the
army straggled before the capital city after having suffered tremendous losses
in men and beasts. Avoiding the pass of Myriokephalon, where a large Turkish
army had gathered, the pilgrims were caught on a "very rough and lofty
mountain that only mountain-goats could traverse" and suffered from
ambush and falling stones. On May 6 they lost their minnesinger, Frederick
of Hausen, the "special comfort of the army."30 On the 7th near
Philomelium (Akshehir), the dukes of Swabia and Dalmatia inflicted a serious
defeat upon the enemy that cost the Turks, it was said, 4,174 men. By the
8th, the dearth of supplies had grown so great that prices had risen to a
forbidding height, and the "flesh of horses and mules was bought as
a delicacy". Desertions to the enemy also began. "Some of the foot-soldiers,
who were exhausted by labor, by hunger and sickness, and about to die, when
they could not by any means keep up with the army", cast "themselves
down to the ground in the form of a cross", and "awaited imminent
death in the name of the Lord. These, when we were not far off, were made
Christ's martyrs by being beheaded by the enemy who were following us."
On Pentecost (May 13) "the Lord spared us from attacks of the evil Turks.
Banquets of the festival consisted of cooked hides of cattle and horses,
though the richer ones had horse meat. . . . Small quantities of meal, if
there 
 29 For details on Selchükid affairs, see below, chapter XIX, pp. 680-681.
 30 Ansbert, p. 79, lines 4-5: "speciale solatium exercitus". 


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