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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

III: The Crusades of Frederick Barbarossa and Henry VI,   pp. 86-122 PDF (16.5 MB)


Page 109

Ch. III THE CRUSADES OF FREDERICK I AND HENRY VI 109 
Romans shall advise with respect to the possessions which the bishop of Munster,
count Rupert, and their companions lost at Constantinople". (12) All
Latins, whether pilgrims or merchants, "captured on land or sea from
the time hostilities began", were to be released. The treaty was to
be ratified by five hundred distinguished Greeks in Hagia Sophia, in the
presence of the patriarch, who was to sign the treaty himself. On the German
side it was to be guaranteed by the oaths of five hundred knights.24 
 On these moderate terms did Isaac prevent an attack upon his capital, and
Frederick hasten the march of his crusaders. To the German chronicler the
treaty is a diplomatic victory for Frederick. "This emperor [Isaac]
who foolishly boasted that all Christ's pilgrims were caught in his net,
and . . . by lying and empty excuses utterly refused passage to the army
of the living cross, now, after his land had been monstrously devastated
and his forces horribly massacred, put aside his usual pride. . . . Wishing
to take thought for the only part of Bulgaria left him, and then for Constantinople,
he sought peace. For the whole army of Christ longed to take Constantinople
by storm. . . . The most pious emperor of the Romans, however unwillingly,
. . . had . . . made ready ships and galleys from Italy, Apulia, and the
maritime provinces. He had also in readiness an army of more than sixty thousand
Serb and Vlach auxiliaries."25 
 There was now no reason why the German army should not get on its way. After
Frederick had refused to intervene in the conflict between Constantinople
and Peter's Vlachs, the army moved southward from Adrianople on March 1,
headed by duke Frederick and his Swabians and Bavarians. On March 21 they
arrived at Gallipoli. Here was found a Venetian ship which had, despite warning,
sought to escape the demands of Frederick and his army by sailing on to Constantinople,
"as if to seek greater gain there". But a storm had driven them
back to Gallipoli where they were obliged to sell their wares to the crusaders.
In response to his previous orders to the regent Henry in Germany, there
appeared also "envoys of the Pisans . . . greeting the lord emperor
with a due profession of subjection and fealty, and earnestly inquiring how
he and the army were." What was more to the point, they offered him
"ships and galleys with which to besiege Constantinople."26 From
the 22nd to 
 24 The terms of the treaty are given by Ansbert, pp. 64-66. For this whole
affair as it appeared to the Byzantines, see below, chapter IV, pp. 147-148.
 25 Ansbert, p. 68, lines 27-34. 
 26 Ibid., p. 71, lines 13-17. 


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