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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

II: The Third Crusade: Richard the Lionhearted and Philip Augustus,   pp. 44-85 PDF (16.9 MB)


Page 64

64 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES  II 
 Isaac Comnenus soon decided to come to terms with Richard. At a meeting
near Limassol he did homage to the English king, promised to pay him a large
sum of money, and agreed to lead a body of troops to Palestine. But towards
evening Isaac thought better of his bargain and fled into the interior of
Cyprus. Richard then divided his galleys into two squadrons. One of these
under Robert of Turnham was to sweep the coasts of Cyprus to the west to
seize all Isaac's ships and ports. He himself with the other squadron sailed
east to Famagusta. The land forces under the command of king Guy followed
along the coast. From Famagusta Richard and Guy went to Nicosia, where Richard
rested while Guy reduced Isaac's fortresses. Actually there was no serious
resistance. Famagusta, Nicosia, and the castles surrendered when called upon
to do so. In one castle king Guy captured Isaac's daughter, who was placed
in the care of Joan and Berengaria. At last, deserted by all, Isaac surrendered,
asking only that he be not put in irons. Richard kindly ordered that he be
given silver fetters and sent him off to prison in Tripoli in the care of
his chamberlain, Ralph fitz Godfrey. 
 The conquest of Cyprus was a very profitable venture. In addition to the
booty taken in battle and Isaac's treasures, Richard levied a heavy tax on
the island. The English chroniclers state that he took one half the movable
property of every inhabitant. But more important was the fact that Cyprus
was extremely fertile, and lay not far from the coast of Palestine. Throughout
the crusade it was a valuable source of supplies. Richard left a small garrison
on the island under the command of two hardy warriors, Richard de Camville
and Robert of Turnham, and on June 5, 1191, set sail for Acre.32 
 When king Richard had left Marseilles for his leisurely journey down the
Italian coast, a group of his subjects had taken ship for a direct journey
to Palestine. This party was headed by two elderly men who had played an
important part in the reign of Henry II and who were looked on with suspicion
by his successor - Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury, and Ranulf de Glanville,
who had been Henry II's justiciar. With them went Ranulf's nephew and protege,
Hubert Walter, bishop of Salisbury, who was already well liked by Richard
and was to become one of his prime favorites. The party 
 32 Estoire, pp. 85-107; Itinerarium, pp. 187-204; Gesta, II, 163-168; Diceto,
II, 91-92; Devizes, pp. 424-425; Eracles, pp. 163-169; Bernard le Trésorier,
pp. 271-273. Cf. Sir George Hill, A History of Cyprus, II (1948), 31 ff.


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