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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

X: The Kingdom of Cyprus, 1291-1369,   pp. 340-360 PDF (10.3 MB)

Page 341

Ch. X THE KINGDOM OF CYPRUS, 129 1—1369 341 1.Stubbs, Mediaeval Kingdoms
of Cyprus and Armenia, p. 28. 
otherwise unhappy reign." 1 But over his kingdom of Jerusalem, of which he
proved to be the last de facto sovereign, Henry's reign lasted only six years.
From his succession to the throne of Cyprus as an epileptic boy of fourteen,
on May 20, 1285, upon the premature death of his elder brother John I, until
his own death in 1324 Henry's life was beset with troubles. The first major
disaster he had to face was the fall of Acre on May 18, 1291. 
This landmark in history denoted the end of Frankish rule in Syria, even
though the Templars held out at Tortosa (Antaradus, now TartUs) until August
3, at Château Pèlerin (Athlith) until August 14, 
I—lI, 1844—1845) and Histofre de l'ile de Chypre (cited above).
Mas Latrie had previously published the first numismatic and sigillographic
material, Notice sur les monnaies et les sceaux des rois de Chypre. . . (Bibliothèque
de l'Ecole des chartes, V, 1843—1844); other studies are those by E.
de Roziére, "Numismatique des rois latins de Chypre," in L. F. J.
de Saulcy, ed., Numismatique des croisades (Paris, 1847), pp. 73—112,
Gustave Schiumberger, Numismatique de l'Orient latin (Paris, 1878, suppl.
1882; repr. Graz, 1954) and Sigillographie de l'Orient latin (with F. Chalandon
and A. Blanchet, Paris, 1943). In 1869 E. Dulaurier's "Fin de régne
de Leon V. . . d'Arménie" appeared in RHC, Arm., I; Karl Herquet published
Charlotta von Lusignan und Caterina Cornaro, Königinnen von Cypern (Regensburg,
1870) and Cyprische Königsgestalten des Hauses Lusignan (Halle, 1881);
between these appeared William Stubbs, The Medieval Kingdoms of Cyprus and
Armenia (Oxford, 1878); Mas Latrie added L'Ile de Chypre, sa situation présente
et ses souvenfrs du moyen-âge (Paris, 1879), "Généalogie
des rois de Chypre de la maison de Lusignan," Archivio veneto, XXI (1881),
309—359 (chart at end), and "Histoire des archeveques latins de l'ile
de Chypre," Archives de l'Orient latin, II (1884), 207—328; later ecclesiastical
studies are J. Hackett, History of the Orthodox Church of Cyprus... (A.D.
45—1878) (London, 1901) and L. Bréhier, L'Eglise et l'Orient
au moyen age (2nd ed., Paris, 1907). In 1886 there appeared I. J. Herzsohn's
dissertation (Bonn) "Der Uberfall Alexandriens durch Peter I. . . . aus einer
arabischen Quelle. . . dargestellt." N. Iorga (Jorga) published Philippe
de Mézibres (1327—1405) et la croisade au XIVe siècle
(Bibliothèque de l'Ecole des hautes etudes, no. 110, Paris, 1896)
and Notes et extraits pour servir a l'histoire des croisades au XVe siècle
(3 vols. in Revue de l'Orient latin, IV—VIII, 1896—1901, and
separately, Paris, 1899—1902; vols. IV—VI, Bucharest, 1915—1916).
Art and architecture are treated in Camille Enlart, L'Art gothique et de
la Renaissance en Chypre (2 vols., Paris, 1899) and more narrowly in Herbert
F. Cook, The Portrait of Caterina Cornaro by Giorgione... (Lon don, 1915).
Other twentieth-century works of value include E. Oberhummer, Die Insel Cypern,
(Munich, 1903; no more pubi.); K. J. Basmadjian, "Les Lusignans [sic] ..
. au trône de la 
Petite Arménie," Journal asiatique, CLXVIII ( 10th ser., vol. VII;
1906), 520—524; J. 
Delaville Le Roulx, Les Hospitaliers en Terre Sainte eta Chypre (1100—1310)
(Paris, 1904); 
J. Billioud, "De la Date de la perte de Chypre par la branche légitime
des Lusignan (1464)," 
Le Moyen age, XXXIV ( 2nd ser., vol. XXV, 1923), 66—71; M. M. Ziada,
"The Mamluk 
Conquest of Cyprus in the Fifteenth Century," Bulletin of the Faculty of
Arts of the 
University of Egypt, I—Il (Cairo, 1933—1934); and Sir George
Hill's magistral A History of 
Cyprus (4 vols., Cambridge, 1940—1952), vols. II and III. Since Sir
Harry Luke's death, 
Basmadjian's tables have been superseded by those of Count W. H. Rüdt-Collenberg,
Rupenides, Hethumides, and Lusignans: the Structure of the Armeno-Cilician
(Lisbon, 1963). This chapter and the next were edited after the author's
death by Harry W. 

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