Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
VII: The Catalans and Florentines in Greece, 1380-1462, pp. 225-277 PDF (23.4 MB)
276 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES II was taking over the Morea, the inhabitants of Monemvasia accepted the rule of a Catalan pirate, Lupo de Bertagna, who seems to have been plying his dangerous trade for some years in Greek waters. 187 The Monemvasiotes soon expelled Lupo, however, and sent an embassy to pope Pius II, asking him to take over their seaboard stronghold, which he did to prevent its falling into Turkish hands. 188 But the anxious Monemvasiotes were apparently no more content with the rule of the pope than with that of the pirate, and so they accepted the sway *of Venice in the forlorn hope that the republic could protect thçm from the Turks. 189 Moreover, as the Venetians were engaged jn the occupation of the castle town of Monemvasia, the senate answered point by point a petition of the fugitive despot Thomas Palaeologus, whose family had sought safety in the Venetian-held island of Corfu. Thomas was trying to keep a foot in the castle gate, so to speak, and wanted various assurances concerning the physical safety and trading rights of his erstwhile subjects in Monemvasia. Indeed Thomas was especially anxious that the Monemvasiotes should be protected against the return of the Catalan pirate Lupo de Bertagna. 190 Thus the decade which began preceding March a Venetian merchantman with a cargo worth 15,000 ducats had been seized by two ships from Barcelona and sold with all its cargo at Rhodes to Rhodians and Genoese (ibid., Mar, Reg. 4, fol. 6"). Constant vigilance was required against Catalan enterprise in the Levant (ibid., fols. 10v-11r, 11v-12r, 13). 187. Cf. Mar, Reg. 1, fol. 122v, dated September 14, 1452: "Quia quidam Luppus Cathellanus, qui se nutrit cum quadam sua fusta in aquis Nigropontis, intulit maximum damnum quibusdam nostris civibus auferendo de quadam griparia pannos multos non pauci valoris, mandetur . . . capitaneo [culphi] quod si in hac via sua reperiret eundo vel redeundo illum Luppum procurare debeat recuperandi ab eo mercationes nostrorum 188. Pius II, Commentari4 IV, ed. Frankfurt, 1614, pp. 103—104; Magno, Estratti, in Hopf, Chroniques greco-romanes, pp. 203—204; Raynaldus, Annales eccbesiastici, ad ann. 1460, nos. 56—59, vol. XIX (1693), pp. 54—56. On February 27, 1461, Pius II confirmed all the privileges the Monemvasiotes had previously possessed, and appointed Gentile de' Marcolfi their governor (Arch. Segr. Vati cano, Miscellanea, Arm. IX, tom. 15 [Collett. per Città, Terre, e Luoghi: Lett. M e N] , fols. On July 10 (1461) the pope appointed a Portuguese soldier, Lope de Valdaro, as "captain of the city of Monemvasia" (Reg. Vat. 516, fol. 32r), and eleven days later, on July 21, he replaced Marcolfi as governor with Francis of St. Anatolia, abbot of the monastery of St. Nicholas of Aüxerre (Reg. Vat. 516, fols. 37v-39r). Cf. N. Iorga, Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches, II (Gotha, 1909), 94—95, and Miller, Latins in the Levant, p. 448. 189. Magno, Estratti, in Hopf, Chroniques gréco-romanes, p. 204. According to Raynal dus, Annales ecciesiastici, ad ann. 1462, no. 35, vol. XIX (1693), p. 120, Monemvasia was occupied by the Turks between the period of papal and that of Venetian domination: at dissipata sunt ea consiia [i.e., the failure of the pope's plan to exploit Monemvasia as a beachhead for sending 10,000 German troops into the Morea] in Turcicam iterum missa Monobassia servitutem, quam deinde recuperatam a Venetis, iterumque a Turcis, quibus hactenus paret expugnatam 190. Senatus Secreta, Reg. 21, fols. 103r-104r, dated August 12, 1462: ". . . et maxi mamente da Lupo expresse sel volesse navegar ale nostre contrade per danizar - . ." (fol.
Copyright 1975 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. All rights reserved. Use of this material falling outside the purview of "fair use" requires the permission of the University of Wisconsin Press. To buy the hardcover book, see: http://www/wisc/edu/wisconsinpress/books/1734.htm