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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

VII: The Catalans and Florentines in Greece, 1380-1462,   pp. 225-277 PDF (23.4 MB)

Page 275

head of St. George, which he had apparently received from Bertranet Mota,
who had held Livadia a half dozen years before. 180 The Caupenas also possessed
the stronghold of Piada on the mainland just northwest of Epidaurus. Fearing
the Greeks, the Albanians, and especially the Turks, the Caupenas—Alioto
II and his son Antonello together with his brother Arnau—tumed to Venice
for protection, and in March 1425 the senate accepted them as "friends" of
the republic. The Caupenas also proposed that if their house should die out,
Aegina, Piada, and their other holdings should pass into Vene tian hands.
181 One of the Caupenas married an adopted daughter of duke Antonio I Acciajuoli
of Athens, who objected to the terms under which Venice had taken the family
under her wing. 182 The Caupenas, however, got along very badly with one
another, especially after the death of Alioto II in 1440, and through the
years their disputes ended up for adjudication in the Venetian senate, the
records of litigation constituting the sparse history of Catalan Aegina.
183 Finally, in 1451 Antonello, the last lord of Aegina, bequeathed the island
to Venice, disregarding the claims of his uncle and the latter's son. 184
On August 22, 1451, Louis Morosini was appointed governor of Aegina, the
first of more than thirty sons of the republic to hold the post until the
Turkish seizure of the island in 
1537. 185 
The Caupena lordship of Aegina was a strange last remnant of the crusade
which had brought the Latins into Greece. They had almost ceased to be Catalans,
and the Venetians had accepted them, but the republic looked with hostile
eyes upon Catalan merchants as well as corsairs, 186 and not without reason.
About the time sultan Mehmed 
 180. Dipl., docs. DCXXXVII-DCXXXIX. pp. 666—668, dated April 13, 1393,
and docs. DCLIII—DCLV, pp. 680—68 3, dated December 21, 1399.
 181. Sathas, III, doc. 858, pp. 281—282; Iorga, in Revue de l'Orient
latin, V, 191. 
 182. Sathas, I, doc. 116, pp. 178—179, dated November 6, 1425, the
text of which suggests that Antonio's daughter had married Alioto II, but
she had presumably married the latter's bastard son and successor in the
lordship of Aegina (cf. Chalcocondylas, IV [CSHB, p. 215; ed. Darkó,
I, 202], and Archivio di Stato di Venezia, Mar, Reg. 1, fol. 12r, dated January
17, 1441). 
 183. Mar, Reg. 1, fols. 86, 225v-226r, and Reg. 2, fol. 86v, dated from
1442 to 1445. 
 184. Mar, Reg. 4, fol. 80v, dated August 2, 1451, by which time Antonello
had been dead for at least two or three months; his uncle Arnau and cousin
Alioto III continued to press their claims to Aegina before the senate, which
rejected them (loc. cit., and Mar, Reg. 7, fol. 21r, dated June 12, 1461).
The genealogical table of the Caupenas in Hopf's Chroniques grdco-romanes,
p. 475, requires some rectification as to the first members of the family
to become lords of Aegina, and the senate itself got the family relationships
confused in the text of June 1461, where we find Antonello's uncle Arnau
being identified as his brother. 
185. Hopf, Chroniques gréco-romanes, p. 376. 
 186. Mar, Reg. 3, fol. 161v, dated February 10, 1450: ". . . Cathellani
hostes nostri    On September 28, 1450, the senate complained to the grand
master of Rhodes that the 

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