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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

VI: The Catalans in Greece, 1311-1380,   pp. 167-224 PDF (10.1 MB)


Page 182

 182 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES 
of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, to help expel them from "Romania"
if they failed to obey the apostolic admonition.34 On the same day he wrote
to Fulk to the same effect.35 The Catalans, of course, did not desist. Fulk,
however, made no effort to drive them from the Athenian duchy; he was too
much occupied with the affairs of the Hospitallers on the newly acquired
island of Rhodes.36 
 Conditions in Latin Greece were nearly intolerable, and complaints were
continually coming to the curia. Catalan depredation had reduced the revenues
of the archbishopric of Corinth;37 the new archbishop of Thebes dared not
take up residence in his see;38 and the aged bishop of Negroponte could not
return to Euboea from the Council of Vienne because of the general insecurity
which the Catalan Company had caused. 39 
 The pope could not but feel that the cause of Latin Christendom in Greece
had been severely hurt by the advent of the Catalans, for duke Walter I [V]
had been a loyal son of the church, an assiduous defender of the faith. 40
On January 14, 13 14, therefore, pope Clement V had reason for his indignant
letter to Nicholas, the Latin patriarch, excoriating the Catalan Company
for their attacks upon churches, ecclesiastics, and their fellow Christians,
and for the death of Walter, "who had been laboring in defense of the faithful...
against the Greek schismatics."41 On the same day the pope wrote the patriarch
that he should effect the transfer of such properties as the Knights Templar
had possessed in the duchy of Athens to Gaucher of Châtillon, constable
of France and grandfather of the titular duke Walter II, in order that such
properties might be used to defend the faithful against schismatics "and
certain other characters in a certain Company."42 Another letter bearing
the same date was dispatched to king James II of Aragon—"since the
greater part of the 
 34. Dipl., doc. LVI, pp. 71—72;Regestum Clementis Papae V (Rome, 1885—1
888), annus septimus, no. 7890, pp. 72—73. 
 35. Dipl., doc. LVII, p. 72; Regestum Clementis V, loc. cit., no. 7891,
p. 73. 
36. See below, pp. 283—286. 
 37. Dipl., doc. LVIII, p. 73; Regestum Clementis V. annus septimus, no.
8597, p. 238, dated June 23, 1312. 
 38. Dipl., doc. LIX, pp. 73—74; Regestum Clementis V. annus septimus,
no. 8138, p. 125, dated July 13, 1312. 
 39. Dipl., doc. LXII, pp. 77—78; Regestum Clementis V, annus octavus,
no. 9153, pp. 
131—132, dated 23 March, 1313. 
 40. Lampros, Eggrapha, part I, doc. 31, p. 52, dated November 11, 1309.
 41. Dipl., doc. LXIV, pp. 80—81; Regestum Clementis V, annus nonus,
no. 10167, p. 45; O. Raynaldus, Annales ecclesiastici, ad ann. 1314, no.
9 (vol. V [1750], p. 22); Lampros, Eggrapha, part I, doc. 32, p. 53; and
ef. Dipl., doc. LXVI, p. 83, et alibi. 
42. Dipl., doc. LXIII, pp. 78—79; Regestum Clementis V. annus nonus,
no. 10166, pp. 
44—45, and ef. the letter of January 14 to Fulk of Villaret (Dipl.,
doc. LXV, pp. 81—82; Regestum, ibid., no. 10168, pp. 46—47).


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