Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
VI: The Catalans in Greece, 1311-1380, pp. 167-224 PDF (10.1 MB)
Ch. VI THE CATALANS IN GREECE, 13 11—1380 173 and perquisites as obtained in the kingdom of Aragon. The lord king declared, for himself and for his son, the royal intention to rule in accordance with these terms.8 The king then sent Berenguer Estañol of Ampurias as the young duke's vicar-general, and when Estañol arrived in Piraeus with five galleys to take over his command, Roger Deslaur, who had governed the Company for a year (1311—13 12), retired to his lordship of Salona and figures no more in the history of the Athenian duchy.9 Berenguer proved an able ruler, and under him the Catalans were able to consolidate their position in Attica and Boeotia. He protected them against the hostility of the Venetians in Negroponte, the Greeks in Thessaly and Epirus, and the Briennist retainers in Argos and Nauplia in the Morea. In 1316 Berenguer died, after prolonged illness and four years of effective service, and the Catalans elected a member of the Company, one William de Thomas, as their captain and vice-regent,10 until the arrival in Athens of king Frederick II's natural son, Don Alfonso Fadrique of Aragon, who had been ap pointed vicar-general for the infante duke Manfred. On November 9, 1317, Manfred died in Trapani as a result of a fall from his horse; his younger brother became duke William [II] of Athens.11 Appointed, therefore, as duke Manfred's vicar-general, it was as the vicar of duke William II that Alfonso Fadrique was to hold the chief post in the duchy of Athens—and after 1319 in the duchy of Neopatras—for about fourteen years (1317-1330),12 during which period the Cata lan Company in Greece enjoyed the height of their power and their security. The organization of the new Catalan state in Greece illustrates very well the medieval theory of a contract between the ruler and his people, expressly called a contract (capitula et conventiones) in the first words of the document of 1312. 13 The Company remained 8. Dipl., doe. LIII, pp. 67—69, and cf. doe. CXXXIII, p. 164, from Marino Sanudo Torsello, Ep. XVI, in Bongars, loc cit. 9. Muntaner, Crônica, ch. CCXLII (ed. Lanz, p.433; ed. E. B., VI, 111). 10. Cf. Dip!., doe. LXXXIV, p. 104, and Sp. P. Lampros, "Eyypa4a àva~ep6~.ieva etc ri~v ,2ecraLwvLg'??v IcJrop'Lav rC.v ' AOr~vi,v (Athens, 1906; hereafter cited as Eggrapha, vol. III of Lampros's Greek translation of Gregorovius, Geschichte der Stadt A then im Mitte!a!ter, 2nd ed.), part IV, doe. 104, pp. 355—356. 11. Setton, Catalan Domination, pp. 15—17. William died August 22, 1338. Duke William I was William de la Roche (1280—1287). 12. The last clear reference to Alfonso Fadrique's tenure of the chief command in Greece comes in a Venetian document dated March 4, 1326 (Dipl., doe. CXXXII, p. 163) although his authority continued for some time thereafter (ef. Dipl., does. CXXXIX, CXLI, CXLVI). His successor, Nicholas Lancia, is identified as vicarius generalis on April 5, 1331 (Dipl., doe. CLIII, pp. 196 ff.). 13. Dipl., doc. LIII, p. 67.
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