Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
I: The Crusade in the fourteenth century, pp. 2-26 ff. PDF (69.3 KB)
Ch. I THE CRUSADE IN THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY 9 Henry II de Lusignan, king of Cyprus, and Benedict Zaccaria, Geno ese admiral. The work which best represents the ideas and policies prevailing at Philip's court is Peter Dubois's treatise entitled De recuperatione Terre Sancte, 13 which he wrote under the auspices of the French king and dedicated in 1307 to Edward I of England, known for his crusading enthusiasm. Dubois's treatise is one of the most remarkable documents of its kind produced during this period. Written by a man of law, it deals systematically with all the contemporary problems arising from the projects of crusade and offers all the solutions in line with the royal policy. Dissensions in Europe should be completely eradicated, and the unwilling states brought to reason by force. Discords must be submitted for final settlement by a European tribunal of arbitration composed of three ecclesiastical dignitaries and three laymen known to be inaccessible to corruption. Trade with the recalcitrant members of European society should be banned, and their citizens transported to colonize Palestine. The right of appeal to the pope should remain, but the papacy, according to his conception, must be deprived of its independence and dispossessed of its landed heritage. The popes must be settled in France, and the whole of the church hierarchy should return to the life of poverty exemplified in its early history. The administration of church fiefs should be en trusted to the king of France, and the revenues of the Templars and Hospitallers should be confiscated and used for financing the cru sade. In fact, these two orders should be united into a single orga nization whose sole business would be crusading. The routes to the east could be selected according to the position and exigencies of each country. The empire must adopt a hereditary regime with a French prince on its throne. The government of the Holy Land, after its reconquest, should be arranged on a military basis with a dux belli and a body of centurions and cohorts of twelve warriors in every town. Each state should have its special hostels prepared for the reception and accommodation of its own subjects. The eastern Chris tians and all heretical sects must be persuaded to join the Roman church. Missionary work should be undertaken by competent per sons conversant with the languages of the Orient. The priories of the Templars and Hospitallers should be utilized for the institution of schools where these languages would be taught. The crown of Egypt and "Babylon" would be conferred upon Philip's second son, Philip 13. Ed. C. V. Langlois (Collection de textes pour servir a l'étude et l'enseignement d'histoire, IX; Paris, 1891); trans. W. I. Brandt, The Recovery of the Holy Land (Columbia University Records of Civilization, no. 51, New York, 1956).
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