Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The impact of the Crusades on Europe
V: The Institutions of the Kingdom of Cyprus, pp. 150-174 PDF (9.7 MB)
172 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES a priory, St. Simeon of Famagusta, which pope John XXII endowed with privileges in 1334.63 There were also many small abbeys64 which were incorporated into the Frankish seigneuries as they had been in the great Byzantine domains, with the Latin lord now becoming the monastery's patron, investing the abbot, and sometimes donating an icon or having a church built. In the towns, the families which occupied high administrative posts also founded monasteries or churches such as St. John of Bibi or St. Nicholas tou Soulouany. Christians of eastern rite also had their convents, such as those of the Jacobites at Omorphita (Morfittes) and of the Armenians at St. Macanus. The Ethiopian convent of Jerusalem itself had a priory at Nicosia. The Cypriote monarchy, which had to get the Holy See to intervene on several occasions to support it in its difficulties, tried to reconcile its concern for keeping the peace between the different religious communities with its attachment to the Roman church. It does not seem to have had any serious problems with regard to the latter, with the exception of crises caused by the conflicts between the archbishops of Nicosia and the Greek episcopate before 1260. The kings of Cyprus seem to have tried to have Cypriote subjects provided with ecclesiastical benefices, though with only partial success.65 Henry II tried in vain to have his chancellor Henry de Gibelet promoted to the archiepiscopal see. The brother of Janus, Hugh of Lusignan, was archbishopelect of Nicosia, then became a cardinal (he played something of a role in the Council of Basel and took part in the negotiations between France, England, and Burgundy). But John II could not get the pope's agreement for the nomination to the same see of his bastard son James, who remained a postulant until he became king. 63. Livre des remembrances, no. 160, n. 1; Richard, "Un Monastère grec de Palestine et son domaine chypriote au debut du XIIIe siècle," Praktika of the Second International Congress of Cypriot Studies (Nicosia, 1982). Marie of Ibelin founded the convent of Phaneromini in 1340 to house the miraculous cross of Tokhni. On the Latin foundations cf. Rudt de Collenberg, "Les Graces papales, autres que les dispenses matrimoniales, accordées a Chypre de 1305 a 1378," Epeteris, viii (1975—1977), 187—252. 64. Cf. N. Kyriazis, Ta J.tovaatl'Ipla av K~3icpw (Larnaca, 1970). A good example is Saint Sabas, in the diocese of Paphos, in the possession of Baldwin of Morphou in 1234. This abbey was the object of a proposed reform in 1306. It received a donation from James II in 1468 (Livre des remembrances, no. 117). The supposition that it belonged to the Latin rite in the 13th century is incorrect. 65. Rudt de Collenberg, "Etat et origine du haut clerge de Chypre avant le Grand Schisme d'après les registres des papes du XIIIe et du xive siècle," Mélanges de l'Ecolefrançaise de Rome: Moyen age, Temps modernes, XCI (1979), 197—332; idem, "Les Cardinaux Hugues et Lancelot de Lusignan et l'autonomie de l'église latine de Chypre, 1378—1467," Archivum historiae pont:ficiae, XX (1982), 23—128.
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