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Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume VI: The impact of the Crusades on Europe

V: The institutions of the Kingdom of Cyprus,   pp. 150-174 PDF (13.4 MB)

Page 168

need of money, the Venetian merchants and the signory itself granted some
loans for which the domanial revenues constituted the security. Venetian
interests were becoming increasingly tied up with the fate of the kingdom.
Mark Cornaro and his brother Andrew played an important role in the service
of John II; Andrew became the auditor of the kingdom under James II, who
married his niece Catherine. 
 The bailie of Venice, who was designated every two years by the great council,
and who was assisted by a vice-bailie and a council formed by visiting Venetian
noblemen, was one of the important persons of the kingdom. It was his intervention
which permitted Catherine to overcome the plot of November 1373. From then
on, however, the republic designated two counselors to "assist" the queen
permanently, while a provveditore commanded the Venetian troops stationed
on the island. It would be sufficient, in 1489, to keep the queen at a distance
and to nominate a "lieutenant of Cyprus" who, with the two counselors, formed
a body of "rectors of the realm", in order to bring Cyprus effectively under
the direct government of Venice.56 
 Because of the passing of the island under the domination of a Frankish
dynasty, the Latin church had become the officially established church in
the new kingdom of Cyprus.57 The archbishop and the three bishops, with their
chapters, seem to have received posses- 
 56. Richard, "Chypre du protectorat." The reforms introduced by Venice took
careful account of the earlier constitution. With respect to the administration
of justice, see L. de Mas Latrie, "Documents nouveaux," pp. 541, 554. For
a layout of the administration of the island by Venice cf. G. Hill, History
of Cyprus, III, 765—779, and L. de Mas Latrie, Histoire, III, in fine.
 57. For the period of the establishment of the Latin church and its early
difficulties with the Greeks, cf. volume II of the present work, pp. 623—629.
In place of the short, old work of L. de Mas Latrie, "Histoire des archevêques
latins de Chypre," AOL, 11(1884), 207—328, one may substitute John
Hackett, A History of the Orthodox Church of Cyprus (London, 1901), translated
into Greek and expanded by Charilaos I. PapaIoannou (3 vols., Athens, 1923-1932),
as a basic work of reference. It is unfortunately marred by the assumption
of a state of permanent tension between Greeks and Latins. See also G. Hill,
"The Two Churches," in History of Cyprus, III, 1041-1104; Joseph Gill, "The
Tribulations of the Greek Church in Cyprus, 1196c. 1280," ByzantinischeForschungen,
V (1977), 73—93. The history of the Latin church has been in part revised
by the study of materials in the collection of Instrumenta miscellanea of
the Vatican Archives, which has provided, in particular, the dossier of the
succession of bishop Guy of Limassol in 1367: cf. Richard, "Un Evêque
d'Orient latin," and Documents chypriotes, pp. 61—110. The important
series of the acts of the synods of the province of Nicosia (up to 1354)
has been published in Mansi, Concilia, XXVI, cols. 211-382. The cartulary
of Santa Sophia of Nicosia, published by L. de Mas Latrie as an appendix
to vol. III of his Histoire, was reprinted by John L. LaMonte, "A Register
of the Cartulary of the Cathedral of Santa Sophia of Nicosia," Byzantion,
V (1929—1930), 439-522. An important study of the Greek church and
its relations with the Latins is Darrouzès, "Textes synodaux chypriotes,"
Revue des etudes byzantines, XXXVII (1979), 5—122. 

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