Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The impact of the Crusades on Europe
V: The Institutions of the Kingdom of Cyprus, pp. 150-174 PDF (9.7 MB)
Ch. V THE INSTITUTIONS OF THE KINGDOM OF CYPRUS 153 Tyre, obtained from the barons the government of the kingdom in place of his brother, who was declared incapable of ruling (1306).6 It was again the liegemen who, on the death of Peter I, gave the regency to his brother John, titular prince of Antioch, whose murder queen Eleanor brought about in 1375. Was it a high court decision in 1426 to give the regency to cardinal Hugh de Lusignan when his brother Janus was captured by the Egyptians? And was there likewise such a decision in 1473 to grant Catherine Cornaro, the widow of James II, the regency in the name of her infant son James III? Aimery of Lusignan had joined the crowns of Cyprus and Jerusalem by marrying Isabel, the widow of Henry of Champagne (11921197); the two crowns were separated at his death in 1205. However, when Conradin of Hohenstaufen died in 1268, Hugh III was acknowledged as his closest heir. From that time on the kings of Cyprus were simultaneously kings of Jerusalem. When the Frankish possessions in Syria were lost, Henry II had the idea of making Famagusta, which he endowed with high walls and franchises, the reflection of his lost kingdom. The cross of Jerusalem was displayed on his banners, on the seal of the bailiff of the comerc, and on the coins struck in the town's mint. And after he had been crowned king of Cyprus in Santa Sophia of Nicosia, each new king would go to Saint Nicholas of Famagusta to receive the crown of Jerusalem, as late as the year 1372.~ A third crown devolved on the king of Cyprus at the death in 1393 of Leon VI de Lusignan, king of Cilician Armenia. From then on the (de) Lusignans bore the title "king of Latin Jerusalem [with the number in order of the royal succession since Baldwin I], king of Cyprus, and king of Armenia". It is not known, however, whether the fortress of Corycus, which the kings of Cyprus held from 1360 to 1448, was regarded as forming part of the kingdom of Cilician Armenia. The Lusignans thus considered themselves entitled to confer the offices and fiefs of each of their three kingdoms. They nominated a marshal of Armenia;8 after they received the crown of Jerusalem, they nominated a seneschal, a constable, a marshal, a butler, and a chamberlain of Jerusalem; and after they received the crown of Cyprus, 6. L. de Mas Latrie, "Texte officiel de l'allocution adressée par les barons au roi Henri II pour lui notifier sa déchéance," Revue des questions historiques, XLIII (1888), 524—541. Cf. Charles Perrat, "Un Diplomate gascon au XIVe siècle: Raymond de Pu nonce de Clement V en Orient," Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire de l'Ecolefrancaise de Rome, XLIV (1927), 1—58. 7. Richard, "La Situation juridique de Famagouste." 8. John de Tabarié (Tiberias) dead in 1402; a bastard of Peter de Lusignan, the titular count of Tripoli, in 1432; see Machaeras, caps. 680—681.
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