Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The impact of the Crusades on Europe
IV: Financing the Crusades, pp. 116-149 PDF (13.4 MB)
146 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES 1250, for his costs on Louis's first crusade.98 The largest amount, 10,225 ii., was spent for the hire and provisioning of ships and galleys and the wages of mariners, presumably for the journey from Damietta to Acre and thence to France. The domestic expenses of the count and countess also came to about 10,000 ii. Military costs included 4,605 ii. for horses, 2,529 ii. for armor, and 180 li. for weapons. For the service of the barons, chevaliers, mounted bowmen, and foot-sergeants who composed his mesnie, Alphonse paid only about 3,000 ii. The total expenditure amounted to more than 35,000 li. Since Alphonse left France seventeen months before this account began, and his expenditures before the defeat at Mansurah may have been much larger, the complete costs of his crusade must have been several times larger than those here recorded. In 1270 Alphonse raised 100,000 ii. for his participation in what was generally a smaller crusade.99 Even though Alphonse may have been extravagant, and though his expenses included his losses at Mansurah, yet his were the tastes and risks of crusader princes in the thirteenth century. Of a baron's cost on this same crusade John of Joinville himself affords the best example. He tells of his financial preparations: Because I did not wish to take away with me any penny wrongfully gotten, therefore I went to Metz, in Lorraine, and placed in pawn the greater part of my land. And you must know that on the day when I left our country to go to the Holy Land, I did not hold more than one thousand livres a year in land, for my lady mother was still alive; and yet I went, taking with me nine knights and being the first of three knights-banneret. And I bring these things to your notice, so that you may understand that if God, who never yet failed me, had not come to my help, I should hardly have maintained myself for so long a space as the six years that I remained in the Holy Land.'°° God's agent in this help was the king. When the crusaders reached Cyprus, Joinville had only 240 ii. left, and the king took the proud young marshal into his pay. In July 1250 Louis again retained him for the duration of his crusade with a company composed of three knightsbanneret, each with two knights as companions, making a total of ten knights. The king paid Joinville at the rate of 3,000 ii. a year, of which he kept 1,200 li. for the maintenance of the whole company and paid each of the bannerets 600 ii. They appear to have made their own terms with their companions, perhaps keeping something like 240 li. and giving the others 180 li. The king's officers thought Joinville asked too 98. Layettes du trésor des chartes, III, no. 3910. 99. Strayer, "The Crusades of Louis IX," p. 511. 100. Tr. Frank Marzials, Memoirs of the Crusades (London, 1908), p. 164.
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