Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / Volume I: The first hundred years
XVII: The Latin states under Baldwin III and Amalric I, 1143-1174, pp. 528-561 PDF (5.9 MB)
Ch. XVII THE LATIN STATES UNDER BALDWIN III AND AMALRIC 1 533 June 29, 1149, his troops were surrounded, and Raymond with Reginald of Marash perished in the battle.4 The atabeg then advanced toward Antioch ravaging the countryside as far as the coast where he exultantly bathed in the Mediterranean. The defenders of Antioch, directed by the patriarch Aimery, were accorded a short truce. Moslem troops were kept on guard, however, and Nür-ad-Din returned to complete the capture of Uãrim. These Moslem successes and Raymond of Poitiers' death produced a situation which required intervention from Jerusalem. In Antioch the government had fallen to Raymond's young widow, Constance, who had been left with four children. Although the patriarch Aimery had rallied the discouraged defenders and messages had been sent to Europe, immediate reinforcement was vital. In fact, when Baldwin III arrived to assist Antioch, all the possessions of the principality east of the Orontes had been lost. An attempt to recapture Uãrim failed, but Nür-ad-Din was for the moment satisfied with his conquests, and a truce provided a much needed respite. It was possible, therefore, to put Antioch's defenses in order. The king was also able to salvage, at least temporarily, the vestiges of the county of Edessa. The final liquidation of Edessa could not, however, be long delayed. On May 4, 1150, Joscelin was ambushed on the way to Antioch. His Turkoman captors were willing to set him free on payment of ransom, but the atabeg quickly sent a corps of soldiers who brought the count to Aleppo where he died nine years later. Despite threats of injury he refused to abjure his faith and, since he was unable to obtain a Latin priest, received the last rites at the hands of a Jacobite bishop. On the news of Joscelin's capture, Mas~üd, Selchükid sultan of Iconium (Konya), advanced into Latin territory and in May 1150 took Kesoun, Behesni, Raban, and other outlying possessions of Edessa. Considerable numbers of the inhabitants made their way to Tell Bashir where Joscelin's wife, Beatrice, was valiantly holdnig out. Meanwhile, Nür-ad-DIn took ~Azãz, which with Uãrim made him master of the hinterland of Antioch. These events brought Baldwin once again to Syria accompanied by Humphrey of Toron and Guy of Beirut. He was joined by Raymond II of Tripoli and his troops. When the royal party reached Antioch, the king found that although Mas~üd had been ~ Apparently Raymond of Antioch had the assistance of a Kurdish Assassin leader who also was killed. Cf. above, chapter IV, p. izo, and XVI, p. 515. See also chapter XVI, pp. 5 I 5—556, for an analysis of Niir-ad-Din's own conception of his "mission" at this time.
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