Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / Volume I: The first hundred years
XVI: The career of Nur-ad-Din, pp. 513-527 PDF (20.6 MB)
Ch. XVI THE CAREER OF NUR-AD-DIN 519 ad-Din himself arrived, and after brushing aside a show of resistance forced an entrance on April 25 "to the joy of the people, troops, and militiamen" (Arabic singular, ' askari). Abak surrendered and was recompensed with fiefs at Horns, and ShirkUh was invested with the governorship of the city. Baalbek still resisted, Aiyub having been replaced as governor of the citadel before the fall of Damascus by another officer, ~aIiIiak; but in June 1155, after concluding an armistice with the kingdom of Jerusalem for one year, NUr-ad-Din forced its surrender.° Aiyub rejoined NUrad-Din's service either before or after this event, and was appointed governor of Damascus with ShirkUh as military commandant. Immediately after the occupation of Damascus Nür-ad-Din, in addition to reorganizing its defenses, began to apply there also his program of religious revival by the foundation of colleges and convents. Two other institutions of his deserve special note. One was the hospital (Mãristãn) , which long remained one of the most famous of medieval infirmaries. The other was the dãr al-~adl or palace of justice, whose counterpart he had already instituted in Aleppo, where he himself, during his periods of residence in the city, sat in audience twice a week to deal with complaints, especially against the officers of the army and the administration. The stress which he laid on this part of a ruler's duties is recognized in the title conferred on him by the caliph, apparently in this same year 1154, of al-malik al-~ãdil "the just king". With the unification of all Moslem Syria, as well as the former county of Edessa, under his rule, NUr-ad-DIn's military power was now consolidated. Although little direct or detailed information on his military organization is preserved in the sources, it certainly followed the Selchflkid feudal system, in which the officers and a number of the regular troops were assigned estates in lieu of pay, on condition of presenting themselves with adequate equipment and provisions for active service when called upon. The officers received estates graduated in size according to their rank, and were required to maintain a corresponding number of troops from their revenues; in the case of general officers placed in command of districts or provinces, these numbered several hundreds.7 The feudal army thus consisted of the ruler's own regiments of guards, numbering perhaps some 2,000 under Nür-ad6 Cf. below, chapter XVII, pp. 538—539. ~ For example, ShirkUh as governor of Horns maintained a regiment of 500 regular troopers.
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