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White, Cha. (ed.) / The continental times
No. 1143. Vol. XXII. No. 1 (July 2, 1915)

No. 1143, Vol. XXII, No. 1, July 2, 1915


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A JOURNAL FOR AMKERICANS IN EUROPE
No. 1143. Vol. XXII. No. 1.         STOCKHOLM     ROTTERDAM    LUCERNE    BERLIN   VIENNA   ZURICH                  FRIDAY, JULY 2,1915.
LATEST NEWS.
SHORT ITEMS OF INTEREST
FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.
1in Urgent Call.
Athens.  July 1.  Owing to the heavy
losses sustained of late, General Sir Ian
Hamilton has sent an urgent depatch home
asking for reinforcements.
Zographos Retires.
Athens, July 1. It is announced that the
nister of Foreign Affairs, Zogrophos, is
about to retire.  For the time being his
p'ace will be aken by M. Gunaris.
Oftiker's Losses.
Co agne, J   1. The Kt1nische Zeitung
ses that ti  o the 8th of June the Russians
hlI lost 100,000 officers in dead, wounded
The Salandra Mission.
Zurich, July 1. The Ziiricher Post states
that the visit of Salandra to the front was
to declare that the Italian public was growing
weary ot the sloness of the campaign.
Grey Back.
London, July 1.  Sir Edward Grey has
rturned, and, contrary to public rumor
as to his intentions, has resumed his postion
as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
I Reims Bombarded.
Geneva July 1. Onceagainst the town of
Reims has been bombarded.    It is stated
that the famous Champagne city has now
been bombarded no lss than 288 times.
Frustrated Escape.
Stockholm, July 1. Three Russians interned
in Rilgen attempted to escape in a rowing
boat and reach Sweden. They were captured
in an exhausted condition by a German
torpedo boat.
Steamer Thorsten Free.
Stockholm, July 1.  The German govern-
ment has decided that the steamer Swedish
Thorten shall go free with the exception of
that nart of her cargowhich consists of ships_
motors.
Connections Cut
St. Gallen, July 1. It is announced that
train  communicatious  between  here  and
Constance have been cut.  From Basel the
communication with Germany by train has
been much diminished.
Poincar at the Front.
Paris, July 1. President Poincar has just
made a trip to the front in the neighborhood
of the Aisne and Reims.    He visited the
trenches, the troops quarters, the hospital
accomodation, and then returned to Paris.
Wholesale Dismissals.
Geneva, July 1. Extraordinary changes are
taking place in the French army. According
to the speech of the Minister of War In the
Senate,  138 Generals  and  600 superior
officers of the Staff are to be placed upon
the retired list.
English War Loan.
London, July 1. Big sums are being sub-
scribed to the new War Loan. The London
County Council subscribes a million sterling.
The Prudential Assurance Company takes
over three millions pounds worth of the
loan.  The Sun Life Insurance Company
120,000 worth.
Italy Protests.
Vienna, July 1. The New York Herald, in
a Rome despatch, remarks that Italy has pro-
tested against the occupation of Durazzo by
the Servians, and of Scutari by the Monte-
negrins. The Tribuna expresses the opinion
that all the Allies, excepting Russia, will
protest against the action of Servia and Monte-
negro i:1 Aloania.
Americans roused.
New York, July 1. The New York Tribune
Washington Correspondent states that sen-
timent in the United States is being con-
stantly augmenting against the English manner
of crippling the trade of the neutral coun-
tries. The large export firms have appro-
ached the President and brought to his
notice the enormous damage done them
by the action of England.
Row In the Commons.
London, july 1. A unseemly row has taken
place  in the House of Commons. The
central figure in the trouble is the Irish
Member Ginnell.   He asked the Premier
whether it was true that the English forces
at the front had taken to killing all German
prisoners and was this the reason why none
were now captured ?  Mr. McKenna in the
absence of Mr. Asquith replied that the ac-
cusation  was false and  disgraceful.  Sir
A. Markham suggested that the German Go-
vernment should be notified that Mr. Ginnell
was nrot accountable for his actons.
British Losses,
London. July 1. The latest casualty list
shows 31 officers and 1,863 men.
Bombs on Belgrade.
Vienna, July 1.  Austrian  flyers  have
appeared over Belgrade and dropped a
number of bombs upon the town.
Italy and flibania.
Geneva, July 1. It is stated that the journey
of Salandra to the front .was in reference to
the action of Servia and Montenegro in
Albania. There is question of sending several
Italian regiments to Scutari.
Cotton Cargoes.
London, July 1. No less than 45 steamers,
laden with cotton from the United States,
have been   detained  here.  Out of the
number 23 had Rotterdam as a destination.
Twenty two were on their way to Gothen-
burg. One was on a trip to Bremsen.
Rustrian Booty.
Vienna, July 1. Since the beginning of
June the Austro-Hungarian armies have taken
Russian prisoners as follows: 521 officers,
194000 men; 93 cannon, 364 machine guns,
78 munition waggons and 100 field carts of
various kinds.
Woolwich arsenal.
London, July 1. In the House of Commons
Mr. Snowden drew attention to the fact,
that in spite of so much fuss being made
about the supply of munitions, the arsenal
works at Woolwich were not working to
full capacity, many of the departments being
unused.
Asquith Chauvinistic.
London, July 1. Prime Minister Asquith
made a bellicose speech at the Guildhall
Banquet.  He asked his audience, whether
it was to be right or might that was going
to rule the world. He stated that England
would fight to the last ounce of strength
and the last drop of blood.
Mexican Outlook.
London, July 1.  According to a Times
Washington despatch the situation in Mexico
-isgoing ?<om bad -to worse.    It is con-
sidered that the waiting policy of the United
States must soon come to an end.     The
financial situation in Hayti has become so
hopeless that there also it will be necessary
for the Americans to intervene before long.
National Crisis.
London, July 1. The Morning Post devotes
a leading article to the threatened danger of
Coal Strikes in South Wales.  It considers
that they are so serious as to possibly lead
to a national crisis. The workmen are all
growing more restless and if the questions
under dispute be not settled on Thursday
there will be a general lock-out.
Favourable Reply.
London, July 1. According to a Wash-
ington cable to the Times the German reply
to the last American note is of a very satis-
factory nature. Germany does not propose
to give up her submarine offensive, but she
will make propositions with the purpose of
safeguarding the lives and property of
American citizens.
From another source comes the news, that
in the future the American Government will
notify the German government of the de-
parture of American ships and of the exact
time when they are likely to be within the
war zone.
Sunk by U Boats.
Copenhagen, July 1. The Norwegian steamer
Marna has been sunk by a submarine. She
was carrying a cargo of contraband timber
to England.
The Norwegian steamer Gjeso has been
sunk by a submarine. The crew was lande4,
at South Shields.
The steamer Madi has landed at Dunmore
East, off Waterford, the crew of the big
7500 ton English steamer Scottish Monarch
of Glasgow, torpedoed 60 miles south of
Queenstown. It is supposed that the rest of
the crew has been rescued.
The Norwegian barque Kotha has been
sunk off the South Coast of Ireland by a
submarine. The crew has been saved.
The British Mail Boat Armenian has been
torpedoed off the Cornwall coast. She came
from Newport News.    The survivors stated
that the submarine was sighted off the Scilly
Isles.  The Armenian tried to excape but
was overhauled by the submarine. After the
passengers had taken to the boats, the
Armenian was destroyed by means of two
torpedoes.  As a result of the attentions of
the submarines the Cerestund Company of
Malm6 hs ordered that no more provisions
be carried in their ships to England.  This
is the result of the food cargo    of the
Venus having been thrown overboard    by
the Germans.
"ARE WE DOWN-HEARTED? YES!"
English Press Opinion not of Nature to Cheer British Public. "Times" Thinks Little
Progress is Being Made.
MORE BIG GUNS.
Army Cannot Properly Fulfil its Share of the Task Until it has Larger Supplies of Cannon.
High Explosives and Machine Guns.
London, July 1. The British public has no
cause to feel happy concerning the war,
when it reads the opinions recently given in
its leading papers.
Take the Times for instance. Here are
some extracts from its latest editorial, which
would appear to show E~'t the British army is
in an extremely ba' wav; regards equipments.
That editorial says:-
THE GRIM REALITY.
"In Mr. Lloyd Georg 's speech there was
a phrase which gave one fleeting glimpse
of the grim reality which the nation has to
grasp.   If the "couritry is to be saved,"
were the words he used, and in that sentence
he gave expression to the thoughts in the
minds of those who really know. For what
is the true position in the West? It is not
precisely stagnation. There is a great deal
of hard fighting, often accompanied by heavy
losses on both sides. We publish to-day a
gigantic list of 264 casualties among officers
alone, and these losses for the most part
occurred in obscure eiounters of which the
very names are unknown to us. The actual
position is that little progress is being made
against the enemy. A certain number of
Germans are being killed, which is satis-
factory, though it is generally accomplished
at a high price.
NOT PREPARED.
Our French Allies have recently conducted
a prolonged, vigorous and most gallant
offensive, which won them certain useful
positions north of Aras. But the broad
and dominating fact is tiat there is no im-
mediate prospect of breaking  the German
line so effectually as to compel the enemy
to withdraw within their own frontier. The
British Army cannot properly fulfil its share
of the task until it has .!ar larger supplies of
big guns, of high txpi cs, and-of-nachine
guns, and these requiren tents will take months
to provide. Ths counti y has got to set its
teeth, to disregard conusing bulletins, and
to face the probability Of a prolonged un-
progressive campaign in the West. That is
the stage we have reached, and the truth
ought to be known and understood.
APPEAL IS URGENT.
Mr. Lloyd George spoke of the further
possibility of a new German concentration
against our troops in the West. It is likely
enough, and that is why his appeal is so
urgent. We have always recognized that a
fresh German offensive might at any time be
planned, and that we should then be faced
with another attempt, more deliberate and
more overwhelming, to strike at Calais. But
even the hard facts, as they exist to-day, are
sufficiently impressive without indulging in
speculations about the future. The position
in the West cannot be examined apart from
the latest developments in the Eastern theatre.
WHERE IS THE STEAM-ROLLER?
It is true that the fall of Lemberg is of no
great military importance, though its moral
effect is considerable, because it heartens the
enemy. It is also true, and most gratifying,
that the Russians have succeeded in with-
drawing the bulk of their forces from Galicia
without   heavy  loss, while  they   have
heroically  inflicted  very  great  losses
upon the foe. The hard fact we have to
face in the Eastern  theatre is that von
Mackensen's  successful  march,   heralded
throughout by irresistible artillery fire, has
probably postponed the resumption of the
Russian offensive for some time.    There
should be great frankness on this point, if
this country is to understand the whole
situation. If the Russians hold their own for
the remainder of the summer, they will be
doing all that can be expected of them (!).
They have not failed in valour, any more
than our own brave men. They have been
driven back for precisely the same reason
which prevents us from advancing.
"GUNS AND SHELLS" AS USUAL.
They are short of guns and shells, their
deficiencies will take time to overcome, and
meanwhile they can make no great new ad-
vance. To put it briefly, the Allies on both
fronts are being held, and there appears to
be no prospect of an early change. More-
over, the outlook at the Dardanelles has long
ceased to offer prospects of a swift and easy
diversion in the Middle East. On its present
basis it has become an anxious, protracted,
and  most   costly  operation,  for  which
more men and munitions are urgently
required.
"Russia is not in the least cast down by
her reverses in Galicia, and the spirit of her
people has never flamed more brightly(!) The
French are resolute and indomitable. Our
own people are fired by a new determination,
which will become stronger every day that
they are plainly told, as they have not been
told in the past, exactly how the war stands.
They have been fed upon stories of Russia's
marvellous powers of recuperation, and have
J not been made to realize that it will take
Russia some time to start afresh. They have
been stimulated by messages about the won-
derful deeds of France, and fail to appreciate
that, glorious though the French efforts have
been, the Germans are still very far from
being expelled from France and Flanders.
They have all seen something of our own
great armies in training, but no one man in
a hundred understands how small a part our
country still plays on land in this colossal
struggle."
But the part played by Britain in the cam-
pign of lies and the crusade of corruption
has been like the struggle itself - colossal. Is
the ostrich waking at last--withdrawing his
head from the sand and mire wherein he
had hid it? The stars have their message if
the bird have eyes.
Unexpected Optimism.
Imperial Ukase Issued in the Name
of the Emperor Telling of the Brilliant
Outlook for Russia.
Petersburg, July 1. Quite unexpectedly,
just at the time when most people considered
that the situation was exceedingly ominous,
and the outlook about as bad as possible,
an Imperial Ukase is issued which predicts
to this country a brilliant futfre. It tells
that His Majesty the Emperor has become
aware, that the sentiment throughout the
Empire bears witness to the unanimous
desire of the people to devote its entire
strength to the work of the re-developement
of the army. "Vrom that National unanimity,"
it reads, "I realise with unshaken certainty,
the prospects of a brilliant future." It goes
on to say, that the long drawn out conflict
demands quite special exertions and renewals
of strength and efforts to contend with the
ever growing difficulties which arise, and to
meet the fitful changes and chances of war.
But the Russians, in face of all, strengthen
their determination and steel their hearts to
meet the difficulties which arise and will
continue fighting until the full triumph of
the Russian armies has been achieved. Public
and private industrial institutions are called
upon to assist in the great effort to supply
the army with all it needs and every good
Russian must exert himself to the utmost
with that end in view. When the necessary
measures have been thought out, the Duma
and the Council of the Empire will be
called into session and the necessary laws, to
meet the war emrgency, considered and voted.
Scene in Parliament.
The Unionist Member Houston
Makes Serious Charges Against
the War Office,
London, July 1. In the House of Com-
mons the Unionist Member Houston rose
and made a speech in which he drew atten-
tion to the serious situation in which the
British army in the front had been left,
owing to the lack of supply of ammunitions.
He said that, for months past, General French
had been urgently asking for more ammuni-
tions. Lloyd George, he said, had been the
one Minister who appeared to have had the
courage to stand up and do something, and
to tell the truth as to existing conditions.
The Minister of War (Kitchener) appeared to
think that in such circumstances England
could pull through, just as she had done at
the time of the Boer War. But present con-
ditions were quite different. Never in the his-
tory of Great Britain had the country found
itself in such a precarious position.  The
former Government had done all to chloro-
form the people of the country into a false
sense of security. After eleven months of
war the position has reached that of an ab-
solute stalemate.
The  Germans   in   nowise   gave  the
impression  of   being   beaten  in  the
East (!). If they should succeed in driving the
Russians back, they would be able to send
large forces of troops to the west so as to
attack Calais, Dover and Folkestone with
their heavy artillery, and, under the cover of
such bombardment, develop simultaneously
an aerial attack upon Great Britain. He had
heard talk concerning the efficiency of the
British Marine artillery, but Gallipoli has
shown what the fleet could do and what it
could not do.
Blatant Advertisement.
The New Englsh War Loan Floated
upon the Vulgar System of Blatant
Advertising,    "Have You Sub-
scribed?"
London, July 1. England's new war loan
is being floated upon advertisement, much
the same methods as those adopted for the
purposes of recruiting.  Wole pages are
taken by the government in all the leading
papers. The advertisement reads as follows:-
"Have you yet subscribed to the New War
loan ?
"Have yi asweredi th cal for rctied
patriotism
"H-lep t( .   C'    f J1%  (J i  tfiph.
by buying its securities!
"1If you have a relative in the Army, hep
him to win by giving his country the money
it needs. The youth of the country has re-
sponded nobly; the wcrking man is meeting
the needs of the hour magnificently.  Will
you-who have money-do your share too?
"Never before has the nation needed your
help so much-never before have you had
the chance to get so high a rate of interest
on your investment in a government security.
Your bankers or the post office will explain
everything about this loan. But-your country
needs that investment to-day. Do not put
it off."
The above is spread out over an entire
page in big letters and is evidently composed
by the expert who originated the Recruiting
advertisements.  The taint of the nauseating
cant and snuffle of the shop-keeper is over
all that official England does to-day, whether
it be a whine for men or a whine for money.
Surely if Napleon were alive to-day he would
no longer call the English "a nation of shop-
keepers." He would cali them a nation of
peddlers.
The Irish With Much Gold.
A Lot of Young Hibernians who Reach New
York with Pockets Stuffed with Gold.
New York. The arrival here on board the
American liner St. Paul of 300 young men
from Connaught and Galway has served to
direct-attenion afresh--- -t apparently-
organized efforts being made to inducc
Irishmen to avoid enlistment by transporting
them to this country. During the voyage
the sailors forced many of the biggest of
the emigrants to march about the decks
carrying broomsticks over their shoulders
and wearing tin saucepans on their heads.
An officer of the ship observed that what
puzzled him was where the lads got the
money for the passage; they all carried gold.
"This," he said, "is not the first lot by any
means we've brought over. It is evident
that some agency is supplying them with
money to enable them to escape entlist-
ment."
A Month's Record.
More Officers Have Falilen in The Last Ten
Months than In Three Years of the Boer War.
London, July 1. The figures officially given
out regarding the losses of officers in the
present war are terrible.  Already in ten
months they almost equal the entire losses
in three years of the Boer war.  They are
741 killed, 1,562 wounded, 137 missing, a-
together 2,440.
Even when all allowances have been made
it will be noted that the aggregate losses of
a month almost equal the aggregate losses
in the whole of the South African War. In
South Africa 701 ,officers were killed, 1,668
wounded, and 383 missing-total, 2,752.
If the casualties of the Royal Naval Di-
vision, which are not included in the follow-
ing table, be taken into account, the losses
of the past month exceed the South African
losses.
'Daily Mail" Pessimistic.
The Northcliffe Paper Seems to Think that
England will Very Likely be Beaten in the War.
London. June 29. Lord Northcliffe's paper
the Daily Mail appears to be taking a very
dismal view of the outcome of the war for
England. It says:-"It would be well at
last that England should recognise the true
importance of the retreat from Galicia. All
that talk of a brilliant retreat, of an army
saved, and concerning the non-importance
of Lemberg is ridiculous.  For us the im-
portant thing is, that for the rest of the
summer Russia cannot undertake any further
operations, and that she will probably have
to lie low until the spring.  That is quite
enough for Germany for the present. The
theme of the Dardanelles is too painful to
be mentioned. Italy has not commenced.
Wheher her offensive will be worth anything
remains to be seen."
The whole article is exceedingiy pssiiistic
and in parts it reads as though the public
were intended to understand that the war
might easily be won by Grmany.
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