White, Cha. (ed.) / The continental times
No. 1143. Vol. XXII. No. 1 (July 2, 1915)
No. 1143, Vol. XXII, No. 1, July 2, 1915
PRICE: 20 PF., 5 CTS. t A JOURNAL FOR AMKERICANS IN EUROPE No. 1143. Vol. XXII. No. 1. STOCKHOLM ROTTERDAM LUCERNE BERLIN VIENNA ZURICH FRIDAY, JULY 2,1915. LATEST NEWS. SHORT ITEMS OF INTEREST FROM VARIOUS SOURCES. 1in Urgent Call. Athens. July 1. Owing to the heavy losses sustained of late, General Sir Ian Hamilton has sent an urgent depatch home asking for reinforcements. Zographos Retires. Athens, July 1. It is announced that the nister of Foreign Affairs, Zogrophos, is about to retire. For the time being his p'ace will be aken by M. Gunaris. Oftiker's Losses. Co agne, J 1. The Kt1nische Zeitung ses that ti o the 8th of June the Russians hlI lost 100,000 officers in dead, wounded The Salandra Mission. Zurich, July 1. The Ziiricher Post states that the visit of Salandra to the front was to declare that the Italian public was growing weary ot the sloness of the campaign. Grey Back. London, July 1. Sir Edward Grey has rturned, and, contrary to public rumor as to his intentions, has resumed his postion as Minister of Foreign Affairs. I Reims Bombarded. Geneva July 1. Onceagainst the town of Reims has been bombarded. It is stated that the famous Champagne city has now been bombarded no lss than 288 times. Frustrated Escape. Stockholm, July 1. Three Russians interned in Rilgen attempted to escape in a rowing boat and reach Sweden. They were captured in an exhausted condition by a German torpedo boat. Steamer Thorsten Free. Stockholm, July 1. The German govern- ment has decided that the steamer Swedish Thorten shall go free with the exception of that nart of her cargowhich consists of ships_ motors. Connections Cut St. Gallen, July 1. It is announced that train communicatious between here and Constance have been cut. From Basel the communication with Germany by train has been much diminished. Poincar at the Front. Paris, July 1. President Poincar has just made a trip to the front in the neighborhood of the Aisne and Reims. He visited the trenches, the troops quarters, the hospital accomodation, and then returned to Paris. Wholesale Dismissals. Geneva, July 1. Extraordinary changes are taking place in the French army. According to the speech of the Minister of War In the Senate, 138 Generals and 600 superior officers of the Staff are to be placed upon the retired list. English War Loan. London, July 1. Big sums are being sub- scribed to the new War Loan. The London County Council subscribes a million sterling. The Prudential Assurance Company takes over three millions pounds worth of the loan. The Sun Life Insurance Company 120,000 worth. Italy Protests. Vienna, July 1. The New York Herald, in a Rome despatch, remarks that Italy has pro- tested against the occupation of Durazzo by the Servians, and of Scutari by the Monte- negrins. The Tribuna expresses the opinion that all the Allies, excepting Russia, will protest against the action of Servia and Monte- negro i:1 Aloania. Americans roused. New York, July 1. The New York Tribune Washington Correspondent states that sen- timent in the United States is being con- stantly augmenting against the English manner of crippling the trade of the neutral coun- tries. The large export firms have appro- ached the President and brought to his notice the enormous damage done them by the action of England. Row In the Commons. London, july 1. A unseemly row has taken place in the House of Commons. The central figure in the trouble is the Irish Member Ginnell. He asked the Premier whether it was true that the English forces at the front had taken to killing all German prisoners and was this the reason why none were now captured ? Mr. McKenna in the absence of Mr. Asquith replied that the ac- cusation was false and disgraceful. Sir A. Markham suggested that the German Go- vernment should be notified that Mr. Ginnell was nrot accountable for his actons. British Losses, London. July 1. The latest casualty list shows 31 officers and 1,863 men. Bombs on Belgrade. Vienna, July 1. Austrian flyers have appeared over Belgrade and dropped a number of bombs upon the town. Italy and flibania. Geneva, July 1. It is stated that the journey of Salandra to the front .was in reference to the action of Servia and Montenegro in Albania. There is question of sending several Italian regiments to Scutari. Cotton Cargoes. London, July 1. No less than 45 steamers, laden with cotton from the United States, have been detained here. Out of the number 23 had Rotterdam as a destination. Twenty two were on their way to Gothen- burg. One was on a trip to Bremsen. Rustrian Booty. Vienna, July 1. Since the beginning of June the Austro-Hungarian armies have taken Russian prisoners as follows: 521 officers, 194000 men; 93 cannon, 364 machine guns, 78 munition waggons and 100 field carts of various kinds. Woolwich arsenal. London, July 1. In the House of Commons Mr. Snowden drew attention to the fact, that in spite of so much fuss being made about the supply of munitions, the arsenal works at Woolwich were not working to full capacity, many of the departments being unused. Asquith Chauvinistic. London, July 1. Prime Minister Asquith made a bellicose speech at the Guildhall Banquet. He asked his audience, whether it was to be right or might that was going to rule the world. He stated that England would fight to the last ounce of strength and the last drop of blood. Mexican Outlook. London, July 1. According to a Times Washington despatch the situation in Mexico -isgoing ?<om bad -to worse. It is con- sidered that the waiting policy of the United States must soon come to an end. The financial situation in Hayti has become so hopeless that there also it will be necessary for the Americans to intervene before long. National Crisis. London, July 1. The Morning Post devotes a leading article to the threatened danger of Coal Strikes in South Wales. It considers that they are so serious as to possibly lead to a national crisis. The workmen are all growing more restless and if the questions under dispute be not settled on Thursday there will be a general lock-out. Favourable Reply. London, July 1. According to a Wash- ington cable to the Times the German reply to the last American note is of a very satis- factory nature. Germany does not propose to give up her submarine offensive, but she will make propositions with the purpose of safeguarding the lives and property of American citizens. From another source comes the news, that in the future the American Government will notify the German government of the de- parture of American ships and of the exact time when they are likely to be within the war zone. Sunk by U Boats. Copenhagen, July 1. The Norwegian steamer Marna has been sunk by a submarine. She was carrying a cargo of contraband timber to England. The Norwegian steamer Gjeso has been sunk by a submarine. The crew was lande4, at South Shields. The steamer Madi has landed at Dunmore East, off Waterford, the crew of the big 7500 ton English steamer Scottish Monarch of Glasgow, torpedoed 60 miles south of Queenstown. It is supposed that the rest of the crew has been rescued. The Norwegian barque Kotha has been sunk off the South Coast of Ireland by a submarine. The crew has been saved. The British Mail Boat Armenian has been torpedoed off the Cornwall coast. She came from Newport News. The survivors stated that the submarine was sighted off the Scilly Isles. The Armenian tried to excape but was overhauled by the submarine. After the passengers had taken to the boats, the Armenian was destroyed by means of two torpedoes. As a result of the attentions of the submarines the Cerestund Company of Malm6 hs ordered that no more provisions be carried in their ships to England. This is the result of the food cargo of the Venus having been thrown overboard by the Germans. "ARE WE DOWN-HEARTED? YES!" English Press Opinion not of Nature to Cheer British Public. "Times" Thinks Little Progress is Being Made. MORE BIG GUNS. Army Cannot Properly Fulfil its Share of the Task Until it has Larger Supplies of Cannon. High Explosives and Machine Guns. London, July 1. The British public has no cause to feel happy concerning the war, when it reads the opinions recently given in its leading papers. Take the Times for instance. Here are some extracts from its latest editorial, which would appear to show E~'t the British army is in an extremely ba' wav; regards equipments. That editorial says:- THE GRIM REALITY. "In Mr. Lloyd Georg 's speech there was a phrase which gave one fleeting glimpse of the grim reality which the nation has to grasp. If the "couritry is to be saved," were the words he used, and in that sentence he gave expression to the thoughts in the minds of those who really know. For what is the true position in the West? It is not precisely stagnation. There is a great deal of hard fighting, often accompanied by heavy losses on both sides. We publish to-day a gigantic list of 264 casualties among officers alone, and these losses for the most part occurred in obscure eiounters of which the very names are unknown to us. The actual position is that little progress is being made against the enemy. A certain number of Germans are being killed, which is satis- factory, though it is generally accomplished at a high price. NOT PREPARED. Our French Allies have recently conducted a prolonged, vigorous and most gallant offensive, which won them certain useful positions north of Aras. But the broad and dominating fact is tiat there is no im- mediate prospect of breaking the German line so effectually as to compel the enemy to withdraw within their own frontier. The British Army cannot properly fulfil its share of the task until it has .!ar larger supplies of big guns, of high txpi cs, and-of-nachine guns, and these requiren tents will take months to provide. Ths counti y has got to set its teeth, to disregard conusing bulletins, and to face the probability Of a prolonged un- progressive campaign in the West. That is the stage we have reached, and the truth ought to be known and understood. APPEAL IS URGENT. Mr. Lloyd George spoke of the further possibility of a new German concentration against our troops in the West. It is likely enough, and that is why his appeal is so urgent. We have always recognized that a fresh German offensive might at any time be planned, and that we should then be faced with another attempt, more deliberate and more overwhelming, to strike at Calais. But even the hard facts, as they exist to-day, are sufficiently impressive without indulging in speculations about the future. The position in the West cannot be examined apart from the latest developments in the Eastern theatre. WHERE IS THE STEAM-ROLLER? It is true that the fall of Lemberg is of no great military importance, though its moral effect is considerable, because it heartens the enemy. It is also true, and most gratifying, that the Russians have succeeded in with- drawing the bulk of their forces from Galicia without heavy loss, while they have heroically inflicted very great losses upon the foe. The hard fact we have to face in the Eastern theatre is that von Mackensen's successful march, heralded throughout by irresistible artillery fire, has probably postponed the resumption of the Russian offensive for some time. There should be great frankness on this point, if this country is to understand the whole situation. If the Russians hold their own for the remainder of the summer, they will be doing all that can be expected of them (!). They have not failed in valour, any more than our own brave men. They have been driven back for precisely the same reason which prevents us from advancing. "GUNS AND SHELLS" AS USUAL. They are short of guns and shells, their deficiencies will take time to overcome, and meanwhile they can make no great new ad- vance. To put it briefly, the Allies on both fronts are being held, and there appears to be no prospect of an early change. More- over, the outlook at the Dardanelles has long ceased to offer prospects of a swift and easy diversion in the Middle East. On its present basis it has become an anxious, protracted, and most costly operation, for which more men and munitions are urgently required. "Russia is not in the least cast down by her reverses in Galicia, and the spirit of her people has never flamed more brightly(!) The French are resolute and indomitable. Our own people are fired by a new determination, which will become stronger every day that they are plainly told, as they have not been told in the past, exactly how the war stands. They have been fed upon stories of Russia's marvellous powers of recuperation, and have J not been made to realize that it will take Russia some time to start afresh. They have been stimulated by messages about the won- derful deeds of France, and fail to appreciate that, glorious though the French efforts have been, the Germans are still very far from being expelled from France and Flanders. They have all seen something of our own great armies in training, but no one man in a hundred understands how small a part our country still plays on land in this colossal struggle." But the part played by Britain in the cam- pign of lies and the crusade of corruption has been like the struggle itself - colossal. Is the ostrich waking at last--withdrawing his head from the sand and mire wherein he had hid it? The stars have their message if the bird have eyes. Unexpected Optimism. Imperial Ukase Issued in the Name of the Emperor Telling of the Brilliant Outlook for Russia. Petersburg, July 1. Quite unexpectedly, just at the time when most people considered that the situation was exceedingly ominous, and the outlook about as bad as possible, an Imperial Ukase is issued which predicts to this country a brilliant futfre. It tells that His Majesty the Emperor has become aware, that the sentiment throughout the Empire bears witness to the unanimous desire of the people to devote its entire strength to the work of the re-developement of the army. "Vrom that National unanimity," it reads, "I realise with unshaken certainty, the prospects of a brilliant future." It goes on to say, that the long drawn out conflict demands quite special exertions and renewals of strength and efforts to contend with the ever growing difficulties which arise, and to meet the fitful changes and chances of war. But the Russians, in face of all, strengthen their determination and steel their hearts to meet the difficulties which arise and will continue fighting until the full triumph of the Russian armies has been achieved. Public and private industrial institutions are called upon to assist in the great effort to supply the army with all it needs and every good Russian must exert himself to the utmost with that end in view. When the necessary measures have been thought out, the Duma and the Council of the Empire will be called into session and the necessary laws, to meet the war emrgency, considered and voted. Scene in Parliament. The Unionist Member Houston Makes Serious Charges Against the War Office, London, July 1. In the House of Com- mons the Unionist Member Houston rose and made a speech in which he drew atten- tion to the serious situation in which the British army in the front had been left, owing to the lack of supply of ammunitions. He said that, for months past, General French had been urgently asking for more ammuni- tions. Lloyd George, he said, had been the one Minister who appeared to have had the courage to stand up and do something, and to tell the truth as to existing conditions. The Minister of War (Kitchener) appeared to think that in such circumstances England could pull through, just as she had done at the time of the Boer War. But present con- ditions were quite different. Never in the his- tory of Great Britain had the country found itself in such a precarious position. The former Government had done all to chloro- form the people of the country into a false sense of security. After eleven months of war the position has reached that of an ab- solute stalemate. The Germans in nowise gave the impression of being beaten in the East (!). If they should succeed in driving the Russians back, they would be able to send large forces of troops to the west so as to attack Calais, Dover and Folkestone with their heavy artillery, and, under the cover of such bombardment, develop simultaneously an aerial attack upon Great Britain. He had heard talk concerning the efficiency of the British Marine artillery, but Gallipoli has shown what the fleet could do and what it could not do. Blatant Advertisement. The New Englsh War Loan Floated upon the Vulgar System of Blatant Advertising, "Have You Sub- scribed?" London, July 1. England's new war loan is being floated upon advertisement, much the same methods as those adopted for the purposes of recruiting. Wole pages are taken by the government in all the leading papers. The advertisement reads as follows:- "Have you yet subscribed to the New War loan ? "Have yi asweredi th cal for rctied patriotism "H-lep t( . C' f J1% (J i tfiph. by buying its securities! "1If you have a relative in the Army, hep him to win by giving his country the money it needs. The youth of the country has re- sponded nobly; the wcrking man is meeting the needs of the hour magnificently. Will you-who have money-do your share too? "Never before has the nation needed your help so much-never before have you had the chance to get so high a rate of interest on your investment in a government security. Your bankers or the post office will explain everything about this loan. But-your country needs that investment to-day. Do not put it off." The above is spread out over an entire page in big letters and is evidently composed by the expert who originated the Recruiting advertisements. The taint of the nauseating cant and snuffle of the shop-keeper is over all that official England does to-day, whether it be a whine for men or a whine for money. Surely if Napleon were alive to-day he would no longer call the English "a nation of shop- keepers." He would cali them a nation of peddlers. The Irish With Much Gold. A Lot of Young Hibernians who Reach New York with Pockets Stuffed with Gold. New York. The arrival here on board the American liner St. Paul of 300 young men from Connaught and Galway has served to direct-attenion afresh--- -t apparently- organized efforts being made to inducc Irishmen to avoid enlistment by transporting them to this country. During the voyage the sailors forced many of the biggest of the emigrants to march about the decks carrying broomsticks over their shoulders and wearing tin saucepans on their heads. An officer of the ship observed that what puzzled him was where the lads got the money for the passage; they all carried gold. "This," he said, "is not the first lot by any means we've brought over. It is evident that some agency is supplying them with money to enable them to escape entlist- ment." A Month's Record. More Officers Have Falilen in The Last Ten Months than In Three Years of the Boer War. London, July 1. The figures officially given out regarding the losses of officers in the present war are terrible. Already in ten months they almost equal the entire losses in three years of the Boer war. They are 741 killed, 1,562 wounded, 137 missing, a- together 2,440. Even when all allowances have been made it will be noted that the aggregate losses of a month almost equal the aggregate losses in the whole of the South African War. In South Africa 701 ,officers were killed, 1,668 wounded, and 383 missing-total, 2,752. If the casualties of the Royal Naval Di- vision, which are not included in the follow- ing table, be taken into account, the losses of the past month exceed the South African losses. 'Daily Mail" Pessimistic. The Northcliffe Paper Seems to Think that England will Very Likely be Beaten in the War. London. June 29. Lord Northcliffe's paper the Daily Mail appears to be taking a very dismal view of the outcome of the war for England. It says:-"It would be well at last that England should recognise the true importance of the retreat from Galicia. All that talk of a brilliant retreat, of an army saved, and concerning the non-importance of Lemberg is ridiculous. For us the im- portant thing is, that for the rest of the summer Russia cannot undertake any further operations, and that she will probably have to lie low until the spring. That is quite enough for Germany for the present. The theme of the Dardanelles is too painful to be mentioned. Italy has not commenced. Wheher her offensive will be worth anything remains to be seen." The whole article is exceedingiy pssiiistic and in parts it reads as though the public were intended to understand that the war might easily be won by Grmany. Grand NOte and Grand HteRoyal Managing Director: Nlis TruisSOI. MIERAN SOUTH-TYROL PALACE-HOTEL Fine Situation in Large Park. PRICE: 20 PF., 5 CTS.
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