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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Letter from Premier Bulganin to President Eisenhower, on European security, the Rapacki Plan, and disarmament, December 10, 1957,   pp. 220-226 PDF (3.2 MB)

Page 225

when prevention of the universal calamity of a new war depends
to such an enormous degree upon our countries, we should fail to find
within ourselves the courage to face the facts clearly and be able to
unite our efforts in the interests of peace?
A consciousness of the gravity of the present situation and a deep
concern for the preservation of peace prompts us to address to you,
Mr. President, an appeal to undertake joint efforts to put an end to
the "cold war," to terminate the armaments race, and to enter reso-
lutely upon the path of peaceful coexistence.
Allow me to set forth what exactly, in our opinion, might be done
in this respect.
We regret that, because of the position taken by the Western powers,
the disarmament negotiations did not bring about successful results.
The Soviet Union is, as before, prepared to come to an agreement
concerning effective disarmament measures. It depends on the Western
powers whether the disarmament negotiations will be directed into
the proper channel or whether this problem will remain in a deadlock.
We must recognize that the achievement of an agreement on dis-
armament is hindered by the fact that the sides which take part in the
negotiations lack the necessary confidence in each other. Is it possible
to do something to create such confidence? Of course it is possible.
We propose the following things. Let us jointly, with the Govern-
ment of Great Britain, undertake for the present only an obligation
not to use nuclear weapons, and let us announce the cessation, as of
January 1, 1958, of test explosions of all types of such weapons, at the
beginning at least for two or three years.
Let us jointly, with the Government of Great Britain, agree to re-
frain from stationing any kind of nuclear weapons whatsoever within
the territory of Germany-West Germany as well as East Germany.
If this agreement is supplemented by an agreement between the Fed-
eral Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic on
renunciation of the production of nuclear weapons and on the non-
stationing of such weapons in Germany, then, as has already been
officially declared by the Governments of Poland and Czechoslovakia,
these states likewise will not produce or station nuclear weapons in
their territories. Thus would be formed in Central Europe a vast zone
with a population of over one hundred million people excluded from
the sphere of atomic armaments-a zone where the risk of atomic war-
fare would be reduced to a minimum. Let us develop and submit to
the member states of NATO and the Warsaw Pact for consideration
a joint proposal for the conclusion of some form of nonaggression
agreement between these two groupings of states.
In order to normalize the situation in the Near and Middle East,
let us agree not to undertake any steps that violate the independence
of the countries of this area, and let us renounce the use of force in the
settlement of questions relating to the Near and Middle East.
Let us conclude an agreement that would proclaim the firm inten-
tion of our two states to develop between them relations of friendship
and peaceful cooperation. It is time to take measures to halt the
present propaganda in the press and on the radio which generates
feelings of mutual distrust, suspicion, and ill will.
It is also necessary to reestablish the conditions for a normal de-
velopment of trade relations between our countries, since mutually ad-

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