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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Address by the Polish Foreign Minister (Rapacki), on disarmament, October 2, 1957,   pp. 214-220 PDF (3.2 MB)

Page 219

series of exclusive organizations and institutions which are often the
counterparts of the blocs they themselves have created.
141. The arms race is creating more and more difficulties, serious
difficulties. Even today, in many capitalistic countries of the West,
Governments are being warned that it is becoming increasingly diffi-
cult to maintain production and employment by present methods.
We have heard such warnings in the course of this debate. We have
only to glance at the daily press to realize the anxiety caused by the
recent rise in the inflationary trend. Voices are being raised assert-
ing that a halt to the arms race and the productive use of the eco-
nomic resources of certain countries-especially the economically
under-developed countries-would help to overcome many of the cur-
rent economic difficulties more effectively and more permanently than
any temporary boom created by an armaments race.
142. In some capitalist countries, there is a growing trend in favour
of expanding trade with the socialist countries.
143. We believe that the United-Nations should act more forcefully
to strengthen economic co-operation between countries with different
political systems and at different levels of economic development.
144. A genuine effort should be made to encourage more vigorous
practical action on the part of the Economic and Social Council. Here
in the United Nations and not outside it, we should work out a sys-
tem of international consultations and later, international action. The
consultations would embrace the main problem of world economy and
its harmonious development. Such a programme, under the aegis of
the United Nations, would substantially help the economically under-
developed countries in their fight for economic and social progress.
145. The proposed Special United Nations Fund for Economic De-
velopment meets precisely those objections, inter alia.
146. We feel that the work of the regional economic commissions,
which are more familiar than anyone else with the specific needs and
problems of their respective regions, should be intensified.
147. Apart from the problems affecting large regions, particular
groups of States have their own problems of neighbourly co-opera-
tion. Poland is especially interested in the Baltic region. One or
more agreements concluded by the countries of the Baltic region on
economic, cultural and scientific questions, might serve as a model
for a system of regional arrangements based on vital common needs,
and become a concrete illustration of peaceful constructive coexistence.
148. Peaceful coexistence in its broadest sense, should be the kernel
of all the work of the United Nations. The term expresses the man-
ner in which peoples must live together in this era if it is to be an
era of unprecedented progress and not an era of disaster.
149. The principles of peaceful coexistence contained in the declara-
tions of China and India, in other bilateral declarations, and then
proclaimed at the historic Bandung Conference, have become crystal-
lized generally in recommendations for mutual respect for territorial
integrity, national sovereignity, non-aggression, non-intervention in
the internal affairs of States, equality and peaceful coexistence. They
are accepted today by thirty-seven countries of Europe, Asia and
Africa. Their importance for proper international relations has also
been recognized by Poland in a series of bilateral acts. Poland is
gratified, therefore, that the item has been placed on the agenda of
the current session.

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