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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Communiqué and joint declaration by President Eisenhower and Chancellor Adenauer, on German reunification and disarmament, May 28, 1957,   pp. 210-212 PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 211

tension, they can give no better proof than to permit the reunifica-
tion of Germany through free elections.'
The President and the Chancellor emphasized that the restora-
tion of German national unity need give rise to no apprehension on
the part of the Soviet Union as to its own security. It is not the
purpose of their governments to gain any one-sided military ,ad-
vantage from the reunification of Germany. In conjunction with
such reunification, they stand ready, as stated at the two Geneva
conferences of 1955, to enter into European security arrangements
which would provide far-reaching assurances to the Soviet IUnion.
The President and the Chancellor agreed that NATO is essential
for the protection of the security of the entire free world. They
agreed that the defensive strength of NATO must be further im-
proved in-the face of the continuing Soviet threat and the absence
of a dependable agreement for major reductions of armaments.' 'The
German Federal Government will proceed as rapidly as possible with
building up its agreed contribution to the 'Western collective defense
For the purpose of contributing its fair share to the defense of the
North Atlantic area, the United States intends to maintain forces in
Europe, including Germany, as long as the threat to the area exists.
As-the North Atlantic Council agreed at its recent meeting at Bonn,
the Atlantic Alliance must be in a position to use all available means
to meet any attack which might be launched against it. The avail-
ability of the most modern weapons of defense will serve to discourage
any attempt to launch such an attack.
The President and the Chancellor expressed gratification over the
significant progress made over the last several months toward closer
economic integration in Europe. The Chancellor expressed his be-
lief that the treaties establishing EURATOM and the European
Common Market, signed at Rome on March 25 of this year, consti-
tute a further step of historic significance toward European unity.
The President expressed the great interest of the United States Gov-
ernment and of the American people in these treaties and his-belief
that their entry into force will benefit not only the people of Europe,
but those of the entire world.
The two governments are in agreement that efforts must be pressed
in the United Nations to reach agreement on measures for disarma-
ment, with respect to both conventional and nuclear weapons, under
an effective system of international control.
The President and the Chancellor agreed that, if a beginning could
be made toward effective measures of disarmament, this would create
a degree of confidence which wo ould facilitate further progress in the
field of disarmament and in the settlement of outstanding major po-
litical problems, such as the reuiii.fication of Germany.

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