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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Remarks at news conference by Secretary of State Dulles, on German reunification and a demilitarized area, May 14, 1957 [extracts],   pp. 203-205 PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 204

of Germany or any area which would imply acceptance of that, nor
does it imply any demilitarized area for Germany.
And let me add this: That in anything which touched directly or
indirectly upon Germany and its prospects for reunification, we
would act only in the closest concert with Chancellor Adenauer.
Q. Mr. Secretary, what is the kind of thing we are thinking about
in this armament discussion as to Europe?
A. Well, we do not have any crystallized thinking at all as far as
Europe is concerned as yet. What we are thinking of is the pos-
sibility of developing zones which would be subjected to aerial
inspection. We are not thinking just in terms of Europe in that
respect but rather in terms of the Arctic area, Alaska, Siberia, and
the like. That does not exclude the possibility of there being de-
veloped an area in Europe. But the difficulties in the way of ex-
tending aerial inspection at this stage to Europe are considerably
greater perhaps than they are in the case of other areas, both because
of the political implications and because of the greater number of
countries involved.
Q. Is it not possible, sir, to have an agreed zone of inspection in
Europe without having it tied to the political problems?
A. Yes. That is a possibility which I do not exclude. All I say
is that in an area where progress at best is difficult, the difficulties
finding an arrangement which would cover Europe are, I think,
greater than the difficulties in dealing with the less-populated areas
which are not subject to as many political complications as Europe is.
Q. Mr. Secretary, there have been reports that Governor Stassen
has been authorized to come up with specific proposals on these areas
you talk about. Has he been so authorized?
A. No.
Q. Mr. Secretary, as a policy are we for or against creating neutral-
ized zones as part of any disarmament scheme?
A. Well, I don't think we favor any plan for a neutralized zone in-
sofar as proposals or thinking on that subject has been developed as
yet. I believe that Chancellor Adenauer suggested that with a reuni-
fied Germany, he would be willing to agree that military forces of
NATO would not be put into the Eastern zone of what would then be
the reunified Germany. And of course anything that Chancellor
Adenauer wished in that respect would be given very careful and
sympathetic consideration by ourselves. It would not be practical to
put military forces in that area without the approval of the Govern-
ment of the reunified Germany. That is the only suggestion of that
kind that I am aware of. It deserves, I think, sympathetic considera-
:c   F       *       *       *        *       *
Q. Mr. Secretary, just for clarification, are you saying that the
reunification for Germany is still a prime condition for consideration
of any security arrangement in Eureope?
A. I said that we would not deal with disarmament in Europe in
any way which could bear upon the reunification of Germany unless
we were in that respect working in close cooperation with Chancellor
Adenauer and the Federal Republic.

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