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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Statement at Geneva by Foreign Minister Molotov and revised Soviet draft treaty on security in Europe, October 31, 1955,   pp. 171-175 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 174

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59
Article 4
"The States-parties to the Treaty shall consult one another when-
ever, in the view of any one of them, there arises a threat of an armed
attack in Europe against one or more of the States-parties to the
Treaty, in order to take effective steps to remove any such threat.
They shall immediately conduct the necessary consultations whenever
agreed steps may be required for the reestablishment of peace, in the
event of an attack on any State-party to the Treaty.
Article 5
"The signatory states shall establish, by common consent, a special
body (or bodies) for the purpose of holding the above-mentioned con-
sultations and also for taking such other steps to assure security as
may be found necessary in connection with the fulfillment by the
states of their obligations under the present Treaty.
Article 6
"The States-parties to the Treaty agree that obligations under the
present Treaty shall not infringe upon the obligations assumed by
them under existing treaties and agreements.
Article 7
"The assumption by states of obligations under the present Treaty
shall not prejudice the right of the States-parties to the Treaty to
individual or collective self-defense in the event of an armed attack,
as provided for in Article 51 of the United Nations Charter.
Article 8
"The Treaty is of a provisional character and shall remain in effect
until replaced by another, more extensive Treaty on European se-
curity which shall replace the existing treaties and agreements."
At the same time, the Soviet Delegation would like to present an-
other question having a direct bearing on the problem of ensuring
European security.
It is a known fact that at the Geneva Conference of the Heads of
Government, considerations were expressed, especially by Prime Min-
ister Eden of the United Kingdom, on the expediency of creating in
Europe a special zone for limiting and inspecting armaments. It
is also a known fact that President N. A. Bulganin of the Council
of Ministers of the USSR was favorably impressed with the con-
siderations expressed by Mr. Eden.
We -all remember that in the directives of the Heads of Government
mention was also made of the "creation of a zone between East and
West in which the disposition of armed forces shall be arranged by
mutual agreement." This wording concerning "the creation of a zone
between East and West" corresponds to the proposal made by Mr.
Eden. But if we speak of creating a zone "between East and West"
then obviously we must keep in mind the fact that the line between
East and West runs exactly where it does. In the meantime, in the


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