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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Statement at Geneva by Foreign Minister Molotov and revised Soviet draft treaty on security in Europe, October 31, 1955,   pp. 171-175 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 173

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 19 4 4-5 9
cern for ensuring its own security, the Soviet Union cannot fail to
consider this question in connection with the problem of the security
of those European states which suffered very severely from German
aggression. These countries, naturally, show concern about their se-
curity in connection with the plans to resurrect German militarism
and in connection with the existence of military groupings with-the
participation in them of Western Germany and later of a unified
Germany. In considering the question of European security, we can-
not help thinking of the security of such states, as Poland, C(zecho-
slovakia, Yugoslavia, Greece and other European states whose people
suffered so many hardships as a result of Hitlerite, invasion.
It is conspicuous that the draft treaty on "Special guarantees in
connection with the reunification of Germany" does not say anything
as to whether this treaty provides for the security, for instance, of
the states bordering on Germany. Yet this problem cannot be ignored
when we speak of European security. It is desirable to have the nec-
essary elucidation on this point.
In accordance with what has been said, the Soviet Delegation sub-
mits for consideration by the Meeting the draft treaty on European
security, the text of which reads as follows:
"DRAFT TREATY ON SECURITY IN EUROPE
"Inspired by the desire to strengthen peace and recognizing the
necessity to contribute in every possible way to reducing international
tension and establishing confidence in relations between states,
"Guided by the peaceful purposes and principles of the United
Nations,
"The Governments  _------------__--
…-…--                             ------------- --…-…-
have agreed to conclude the present Treaty.
"The States-parties to the Treaty solemnly declare that they assume
the following obligations:
Article 1
"The contracting parties undertake not to use armed force against
one another and also to refrain from having recourse to the threat of
force in their relations with each other and to settle any dispute that
may arise among them by peaceful means.
Article 2
"In the event that any one or several States-parties to the Treaty
is subjected to an armed attack in Europe by any state or group of
states, the other States-parties to the Treaty shall immediately render
the state or states so attacked all such assistance, including military
assistance, as may be deemed necessary for the purpose of re-establish-
ing and maintaining international peace and security in Europe.
Article 3
"The States-parties to the Treaty undertake to refrain from render-
ing under any pretext any direct or indirect assistance to the attacking
state in Europe.
173


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