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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Communiqué by President Eisenhower and Chancellor Adenauer, on Germany and European security, April 9, 1953,   pp. 107-110 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 109

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59             109
adoption of new review procedures with German participation, as
soon as German ratification of the treaties was completed.
The representatives of both Governments exchanged views con-
cerning progress toward the freeing and expansion of world trade
and the achievement of currency convertibility. The German repre-
sentatives expressed particular interest in the reduction of tariffs and
customs administrative barriers. For their part, the U.S. representa-
tives noted President Eisenhower's statement of April 7 that "the
world must achieve an expanding trade, balanced at high levels which
will permit each nation to make its full contribution to the progress
of the free world's economy and to share fully the benefits of this
Representatives of the two Governments discussed a number of
specific problems connected with the normalization of commercial re-
lations between the United States and Germany, including the pros-
p)ects for increased use by German exporters of the trademarks owned
by German nationals prior to World War II. It was noted that con-
siderable progress had already been achieved in making such trade-
marks available to former German owners and that future progress
in that direction was being sympathetically studied by the United
The Chancellor and the Secretary of State agreed that the conclu-
sion of a new treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation between
the United States and the Federal Republic would be of benefit to
both countries and that negotiations for such a treaty should begin at
a very early date. Meanwhile, as an interim measure, the two Gov-
ernments are negotiating an agreement to restore to force the 1923
treaty of friendship, commerce, and consular rights as it stood prior
to the war, taking into account the requirements' of the present situa-
tion. This interim agreement, when ratified in both countries, would,
among other things, re-establish a basis on which businessmen of each
country would be able to reside and carry on business in the other.
The German representatives indicated their interest in the placing
of off-shore procurement contracts in Germany. They were in-
formed that as soon as the contractual and European Defense Com-
munity treaties have entered into force, the same criteria will be ap-
plied in the placing of such contracts in Germany, within the frame-
work of the European Defense Community, as are applied with re-
spect to the placing of contracts in other European countries.
In order to foster closer cultural cooperation between Gerniany and
the United States and promote mutual understanding between their
two peoples, an exchange of notes is taking place.
The two Governments reaffirmed their common interest in control-
ling, together with other nations of the free world, the movement of
strategic materials to nations whose policies jeopardize the peace and
security of the free world. Both Governments undertook to continue
action to that end, and, in particular, to keep under constant review
the list of items which from time to time may be subject to embargo
to Communist China. The representatives of the Federal Republic
also expressed their Government's intention, in cooperation with other
trading and maritime nations, to apply supplementary measures, such
as transshipment controls, against violations or evasions of existing
strategic controls.

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