Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Communiqué by President Eisenhower and Chancellor Adenauer, on Germany and European security, April 9, 1953, pp. 107-110 PDF (1.8 MB)
DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59 109 adoption of new review procedures with German participation, as soon as German ratification of the treaties was completed. The representatives of both Governments exchanged views con- cerning progress toward the freeing and expansion of world trade and the achievement of currency convertibility. The German repre- sentatives expressed particular interest in the reduction of tariffs and customs administrative barriers. For their part, the U.S. representa- tives noted President Eisenhower's statement of April 7 that "the world must achieve an expanding trade, balanced at high levels which will permit each nation to make its full contribution to the progress of the free world's economy and to share fully the benefits of this progress." Representatives of the two Governments discussed a number of specific problems connected with the normalization of commercial re- lations between the United States and Germany, including the pros- p)ects for increased use by German exporters of the trademarks owned by German nationals prior to World War II. It was noted that con- siderable progress had already been achieved in making such trade- marks available to former German owners and that future progress in that direction was being sympathetically studied by the United States. The Chancellor and the Secretary of State agreed that the conclu- sion of a new treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation between the United States and the Federal Republic would be of benefit to both countries and that negotiations for such a treaty should begin at a very early date. Meanwhile, as an interim measure, the two Gov- ernments are negotiating an agreement to restore to force the 1923 treaty of friendship, commerce, and consular rights as it stood prior to the war, taking into account the requirements' of the present situa- tion. This interim agreement, when ratified in both countries, would, among other things, re-establish a basis on which businessmen of each country would be able to reside and carry on business in the other. The German representatives indicated their interest in the placing of off-shore procurement contracts in Germany. They were in- formed that as soon as the contractual and European Defense Com- munity treaties have entered into force, the same criteria will be ap- plied in the placing of such contracts in Germany, within the frame- work of the European Defense Community, as are applied with re- spect to the placing of contracts in other European countries. In order to foster closer cultural cooperation between Gerniany and the United States and promote mutual understanding between their two peoples, an exchange of notes is taking place. The two Governments reaffirmed their common interest in control- ling, together with other nations of the free world, the movement of strategic materials to nations whose policies jeopardize the peace and security of the free world. Both Governments undertook to continue action to that end, and, in particular, to keep under constant review the list of items which from time to time may be subject to embargo to Communist China. The representatives of the Federal Republic also expressed their Government's intention, in cooperation with other trading and maritime nations, to apply supplementary measures, such as transshipment controls, against violations or evasions of existing strategic controls.
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