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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Communiqué by President Eisenhower and Chancellor Adenauer, on Germany and European security, April 9, 1953,   pp. 107-110 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 108

108           DOCMENTS -ON GERMANY, 1944-5 9
to increase their unity and common strength. They were further
agreed that if the Soviet rulers are genuinely desirous of peace and-
cooperation among all nations, they could furnish no better proof of
their good will than by permitting genuinely free elections in the
Soviet occupied Zone of Germany and by releasing the hundreds of
thousands of German civilian deportees and war prisoners still in
Soviet hands. They further stated their joint conviction that there
can be no lasting solution of the German problem short of a reunifi-
cation of Germany by peaceful means and on a free and democratic
basis. The achievement of this purpose calls for sustained common
efforts of the signatory powers to the contractual agreements signed
at Bonn last year.
There was unanimity of conviction that all concerned should press
forward unwaveringly toward European unity through early rati-
fication of the treaty establishing a European Defense Community.
Achievement of this goal will be accompanied by the establishment of
German independence and sovereignty under the contractual agree-
ments. The Chancellor declared that the Federal Republic of Ger-
many is ready and willing to cooperate on a basis of equality and
partnership with all the free nations of the West in strengthening the
defenses of the free world. The Chancellor was given assurance that
the United States would supply military equipment to the European
Defense Community to assist in equipping the German contingents,
once the treaty has been ratified.
The problem of the Saar was discussed and it was agreed that an
early agreement should be sought in the common interest.
Consideration was given to the special situation of Berlin and ad-
miration expressed for the political firmness and courage of its in-
habitants. It was agreed that the moral and material support needed
to keep the city strong is a matter of primary importance. The
Chancellor indicated that he had in mind further measures to in-
crease production and reduce unemployment. The Secretary stated
that consideration was now being given to assistance by the U.S.
Government to investment and other programs to improve economic
conditions in Berlin.
The Chancellor indicated the great difficulties facing the Federal
Republic because of the necessity to- assimilate not only the millions
of expellees who came, earlier from eastern areas but the renewed
stream of refugees from the Soviet Zone and beyond. The President
and Secretary of State recognized the great efforts undertaken by the
Federal Republic to care for these homeless persons and to preserve
economic and social stability. The discussion took account of the
possibility that the Federal Republic and Berlin might be unable to
bear this burden alone. The Director for Mutual Security stated
that careful consideration of this matter would be given in the course
of the preparation of the Mutual Security Program for the year
beginning July 1, 1953.
The Chancellor raised the problem of war criminals. The future
of the war criminals now in U.S. custody was discussed. The
U.S. representative stated that his Government would reexamine the
status of these prisoners and would also look forward to the possible

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