Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Second report of the United Nations commission to investigate conditions for free elections in Germany, August 5, 1952, pp. 103-107 PDF (2.3 MB)
10Jti DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 19 4 4-5 9 America on the other, as well as significant developments inside Ger-- many itself. 10. The series of Notes on the German question exchanged between the USSR and the three Western Powers, it will be recalled,- com-- menced with one from the USSR dated 10 March 1952, by which date the Commission had been in existence and at work for a month. By the time the Commission submitted its first report on 1 May 1952, the USSR had addressed two Notes to the three Western Powers (on 10 March and 9 April respectively), and the three Western Powers had replied on 25 March to the first Soviet Note. Between 1 May and 5 August 1952, the date on which the present report was adopted by the Commission, three further Notes were exchanged between the four occupying Powers. In none of the six Notes could the Commission discern any agreement whatsoever between the USSR and the three Western Powers as to utilization of the Commission in carrying out an investigation in all of Germany to determine whether existing con- ditions there made it possible to hold genuinely free elections in that country. Indeed, what became more obvious as a result of the ex- change of the series of Notes was the following: (1) that the three Western Powers, while they continued to maintain more or less strong- ly their preference for the present United Nations Commission, were nevertheless prepared at the same time "to consider any other prac- tical and precise proposals for an impartial commission of investiga- tion which the Soviet Government may wish to put forward, on the one condition that they are likely to promote the early holding of free elections throughout Germany" and (2) that the USSR, continuing to maintain its objection to the competence of the United Nations to concern itself with the German question, rejected investigation by the present Commission, while it was agreeable to an investigation by an- other impartial commission formed by the four Powers occupying Germany. 11. The Commission, at this point, would like to make certain obser- vations. While on the one hand, the Commission derives its mandate solely from the General Assembly of the United Nations, it is, on the other hand, entirely dependent on the willingness of all the parties concerned to co-operate unreservedly with it for the execution of its mandate. It has so far been unable to secure this co-operation from the authorities in the Soviet Zone of Germany, and it could see at the time of the adoption of the present report little prospect of its being able to do so in the near future. The Commission, as a United Nations body, is anxious above all for an early, just and peaceful solution of the German question, regardless of whether the steps contributing to such a solution are to be worked out under the auspices of the United Nations or not. The United Nations, the Commission is confident, would at all times be prepared to heed any appeal for its assistance in the finding of a peaceful solution to this question. This being its view, the Commission would not desire to suggest that it alone affords the only impartial means of investigating existing conditions in all of Germany. The Commission would consider its existence and its work hitherto justified, and its mission in substance fulfilled, if, by agree- ment among the four occupying Powers, another equally impartial body were to be set up which could and would carry out the essentials of the mandate entrusted to the present United Nations Commission.
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