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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Note from the Soviet Foreign Ministry to the American Embassy, enclosing draft for a German peace treaty, March 10, 1952,   pp. 85-87 PDF (1.2 MB)


Page 86

86            DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 19 4 4-5 9
Conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany has an important sig-
nificance for the strengthening of peace in Europe. A peace treaty
with Germany will permit final decision of questions which have arisen
as a consequence of the second world war. The European states
which have suffered from German aggression, particularly the neigh-
bors of Germany, have a vital interest in the solution of these ques-
tions. Conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany will aid improve-
ment of the international situation as a whole and at the same time
aid the establishment of a lasting peace.
The necessity of hastening the conclusion of a peace treaty with
Germany is required by the fact that the danger of re-establishment
of German militarism which has twice unleashed world wars has
not been eliminated in as much as appropriate provisions of the
Potsdam conference still remain unfilled. A peace treaty with Ger-
many must guarantee elimination of the possibility of a rebirth of
German militarism and German aggression.
Conclusion of the peace treaty with Germany will establish for the
German people permanent conditions of peace, will aid the develop-
ment of Germany as a unified democratic and peace-loving govern-
ment in accordance with the Potsdam provisions and will assure to
the German people the possibility of peaceful cooperation with other
peoples.
'As a result of this, the Governments of the Soviet Union, the United
States of America, Great Britain and France have decided urgently
to set about working out a peace treaty with Germany.
The Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, United
States of America, Great Britain and France consider that prepa-
rations of the peace treaty should be accomplished with the partici-
pation of Germany in the form of an all-German Government and
that the peace treaty with Germany should be formed on the follow-
ing basis:
BASIS OF PEACE TREATY WITH GERMANY
Participants
Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the United States of America,
France, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Belgium, Holland and other govern-
ments which participated with their armed forces in the war against
Germany.
Political provisions
(1) Germany is re-established as a unified state, thereby an end is
put to the division of Germany and a unified Germany has a possibility
of development as an independent democratic peace-loving state.
(2) All armed forces of the occupying powers must be withdrawn
from Germany not later than one year from the date of entry into force
o'f the peace treaty. Simultaneously all foreign military bases on the
territory of Germany must be liquidated.
(3) Democratic rights must be guaranteed to the German people to
the end that all persons under German jurisdiction without regard to
race, sex, language or religion enjoy the rights of man and basic free-
doms including freedom of speech, press, religious persuasion, political
conviction and assembly.
'(4) Free activity of democratic parties and organizations must be
guaranteed in Germany with the right of freedom to decide their own


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