Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Letter from the American High Commissioner (McCloy) to the chairman of the Soviet Control Commission (Chuikov), on free elections, October 10, 1950, pp. 70-71 PDF (829.0 KB)
Draft election law of the Volkskammer of the German Democratic Republic, January 9, 1952, pp. 71-80 PDF (3.3 MB)
DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59 71 adopted in the Bundestag on 14th September and now endorsed by the Federal Government. This resolution requests the occupying powers to arrange for the holding, in all four zones of occupation, of elections to an all-German parliament. 3. The resolution should be considered in conjunction with the state- ment made on the same day in the Bundestag by t+he Chancellor in the name of the Federal Government, the text of which I also enclose. You will observe that the Federal Chancellor there repeats the sug- gestion, originally made by him on 22nd March, for the holding of free all-German elections on a democratic basis. 4. The Federal Government is a government freely elected by the people and is recognized by my government as entitled to speak for Germany. The documents transmitted to you with this letter reflect the predominant will of the German people. I, therefore, commend them to your attention and to your government as pronouncements of the German people in respect of grave matters affecting their future and that of their country. 5. As regards the elections to be held in the Soviet Zone on 15th October, the communique published on 19th September, 1950, in New York by the three Foreign Ministers of the United States, Great Britain and France shows that my government shares the opinion of the Federal Governnment. The single list elections will deny to East Germany democratic parliamentary government and those democratic processes under which German unification can become a reality. The Soviet Union is committed under the Potsdam and other international agreements to the establishment of democratic government in Ger- many and to German unification and must bear full responsibility for obstructing the accomplishment of these objectives. The procedures under which these "elections" will be held are in direct contrast with the traditional requisites of free democratic elections. For this rea- son neither my government, nor the Federal Republic, nor the German people can recognize them as capable of conferring on the East Ger- man regime either legitimacy or any claim to represent the German people now living in East Germany. 6. On account of the great public interest shown in the subject matter of this communication, I shall make a copy of it available to the press following its receipt-by you. Draft Election Law of the Volkskammer of the German Democratic Republic, January 9, 19521 PREAMBLE In accordance with the desire of all patriotic Germans to overcome the disastrous division of Germany, it is necessary to bring about an understanding between the representatives of Eastern and Western Germany. We must jointly solve the great task of restoring the unity of Germany, of guaranteeing to our nation a quiet, peaceful life, and of giving other nations the assurance that their peaceful work will I Ibid., vol. II, pp. 31-37.
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