United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
Reports of superintendents of schools, pp. 647-708 PDF (30.2 MB)
658 REPORTS OF SUPERINTENDENTS OF SCHOOLS. box-structure, and the laundry, which is condemned and is being replaced as rapidly as the house can be constructed, the buildings are excellent 2-story brick structures in excellent repair. The barn is ample and comfortable for the present supply of live stock.; but the barn, milk house, meat house, bee house, coal house, roof of the ice house, and some farm implements are much in need of paint; but as all this has been provided for by estimate3 submitted I doubt not but the remedy will be soon at hand. A new commissary, an extension of the bee shed, and a shed for calves and farm implements are the unsatisfied wants. Faring.-The adobe farm yields slowly to our most persistent efforts. I am this year experimenting with black-eyed peas, the most nearly never failing of all bean products. As forage I am trying sorghum, black Caffre corn, red Caffte corn, and am successfully raising alfalfa. As pasturage I am trying, by thb kindness of yourself and the Department of Agrictlture, Alopecurus pratensis, Lolun perenne, Bromus inermis, and some other grasses, none of which prdmisb well at present. Irrigation.-The old annoyance of lack of water for irrigation has been aggravated by a threat of the canal company to cut off our supply entirely. This elicited an investigation that has placed a record of the present status of the question in this office, as well as a letter from the general manager of the company to the effect that the Government is entitled to a contract granting supply because of stock surrendered. As the title of the company was a subject of litigation at the time the letter was written such contract could not be issued, and the matter can not be taken up, in the judgment of the United States district attorney, until after final settlement between present litigants. Immediately after such settlement I shall insist upon pressing the matter vigorously till something in the way of definite adjustment is obtained. Stock.-The stock owned by the school, and which is a source of pride, consists of four work horses, two 2-year old colts raised on the school farm and weighing 1,108 and 1,270 pounds, respectively; also nine Holstein cows, which, besides feeding the calves, yielded 2,463 gallons of milk and 263 pounds of butter between January 12 and June 30; 57 colonies of bees will add a valuable product [or table use for the coming year. All are cared for by the boys under the direction of the farmer and industrial teacher, Mr. William H. Palmer, except the bees, which are cared for by myself and two of the boys. A hundred hens should be added as soon as possible after making provision for caring for them properly. Industrial.-Thatthe results from the farm are so unsatisfactory is more because of the stubborn adobe soil of the farm than lack of labor or willingness on the part of the farmer or the boys. We have succeeded in adding about 12 acres to our hay-producing lands as the result of an earnest effort to subdue and render productive 22 acres. Preliminary work is being done for seeding 57 acres to oats, alfalfa, and sorghum next yedr, which will, with only such results as were obtained the past year, raise us beyond the necessity of buying forage. The ex- periments of this year are convincing that squashes, beets, and black-eyed peas will yield a fair return when cultivated in this soil. As the statistical table which is attached shows the product of the shops, in- cluding the buildings erected by the boys, it only remains to speak of the char- acter of the work, of which too much can hardly be said in commendation. The product of the harness shop which has found sale has brought forth only com- mendation from purchasers, and the same is true of the product of the carpenter shop. The products of the shoe shop and sewing rooms are consumed on the. place, but are certainly not outranked by the products of other shops. There is nothing in the school work more gratifying than the application and persist- ency of the children apprenticed to trades. The two boys learning cooking are able to do the entire work of the kitchen save alone the apportionment. In all the industrial work the apprentices work half a day, which I think ac- counts for the close application both in the schoolroom and in the industrial arts. Literary.-The advancement of the pupils in the schoolroom, notwithstanding the vicissitudes occasioned by necessary changes, has been fully up to the re- quirements of the course of study, while some of the work in drawing and vocal music hasbeen most satisfactory. Sanitary.-Every possible precaution has been taken to avoid the results of bad sanitation. Cleanlniness hben insisted upon and secured in every depart- ment. Sewerage is impossible because of the fact that we can not drain into the' river just above the city waterworks, and I have sunk three large cesspools and. requiredl all waste to be deposited therein. Although the resuA -have proven.
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