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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of superintendents of schools,   pp. 647-708 PDF (30.2 MB)


Page 656

656        REPORTS OF SUPERINTENDENTS OF SCHOOLS. 
The school stock consists of 8 good milch cows, 4 calves, a very fine short-horn
Durham bull, 4 valuable horses, 12 hogs, and 36 chickens. 
This is a most favorable point for a large Indian industrial training school.
The 
school plant, in my judgment, should be so enlarged during the fiscal year
ending 
June 30, 1894, as to afford suitable accommodations for 350 pupils-200 boys
and 
150 girls. 
As a rule the employes of the school have performed their duties satisfacto-
rily. 
I am grateful for the liberal support given me in my efforts to build up
this 
school by the Indian Office. 
Very respectfully, 
WELLINGTON RICH, 
Superintend~ent. 
The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
REPORT OF SCHOOL AT FORT YUMA, CAL. 
FORT YUMA SCHOOL, July 26, 1892. 
SIR: In compliance with instructions received I have the honor to submit
my 
annual report for the Fort Yuma school, California, for the year ending June
30, 1892. 
During the past year marked improvement has taken place in the manners 
and conduct of the pupils; especially is this the case where children have
at- 
tended several terms. 
Attendane.-Reference to school records shows an inci, ease of attendance
over 
previous years, with fewer absentees. This is very encouraging and tends
to 
create the impression that the Yuma Indian begins to appreciate the advantages
of education and set a value on the benefits to be derived therefrom. I regret
to add that there are yet many parents who think they ought to be paid for
giv- 
ing their children a chance to be taught the ways of the white man. Their
ideas 
of the fitness of things are so vague that they imagine they are doing us
a per- 
sonal favor by giving their children to the Government to support and educate,
and seek reward for their generosity in the storerooms of the school, in
several 
cases soliciting flour as their due for bringing their children to school.
A rigid enforcement of a compulsory school law would do much- towards re-
forming this, and by creating thoughts other than the mere gratification
of his 
animal nature the Yuma Indian in time may be taught that there is some higher
aim in life than that of eating and sleeping. 
It is a matter of no small surprise to many of our visitors, ignorant of
the In- 
dian nature, that any difficulty should be experienced in securing a full
attend- 
ance of children from the reservation, the contrast between the comfort and
cleanliness of the schoolrooms and the dirt and squalor of the reservation
is so 
plain. Until the Indian is educated and his thoughts lifted to a higher plane
to enable him to attach a value to that which to him at present is an enigma
this state of affairs will remain unchanged. That there is an increased interest
in the school work displayed by the adult Indians during the past year is
beyond 
question. I feel assured that next year will witness an increase of attendance
of pujlils with renewed interest in school work. 
Scho l.-A general inspection -of the household management, dormitories, 
kitchen, sewing room. and workshops will convince the most skeptical that
good work is being done and that a great reformation in some respects has
already been secured. 
During the month of January this school met a severe loss in the complete
destruction of superintendent's quarters by fire. The fire was of mysterious
origin and, occurring at night, was controlled and confined to this one building
by' the herculean efforts of the citizens of Yuma, Ariz., and the employes,
having nothing but buckets of water to pour on blazing porches. Not an Indian
from the reservation came to offer aid or render assistance. The urgent need
of fire apparatus was strongly felt at this time; an estimate of the cost
of same 
hasbeen furnished the Department. 
Improvements.-Considerable expense has been incurred during the past year
in the repair of adobe walls of school buildings to prevent further erosion
by the 
weather. At present this work is all complete. Several of the buildings hay-
ing adobe or dirt roofs hadl new ones of tin rep~lace the unreliable} a4
unsat- 


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