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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of superintendents of schools,   pp. 647-708 PDF (30.2 MB)

Page 655

Arizona, in carrying forward our educational enterprise. It is my privilege
state that these efforts have been eminently successful. The school is popular
with the Indians as well as with the whites. and is necessarily exerting
a strong, 
growing, and salutary reflex influence on both. 
New location of schooL-Owing t )delavs in consunimating the pur-chase the
site did not come under my charge until the first of last August. Since then
much work has been done on the place by the school farmer and the carpenter,
aided by the Indian assistants and pupils. The old fences have been repaired,
and hundreds of rods of new fencing built. The irrigating ditches have been
cleaned and otherwise improved. The place has been entirely freed from noxi-
ous weeds. A substantial f tame building, containing a storeroom and an office,
a laundry, a stable, sheds. and the necessatry outbuildings, have been constructed.
Last March 450 fruit trees and 120 shade and ornamental trees were set out.
These trees have received careful attention, and with few exceptions are
well. A building site of 12 acres has been broken and carefully cultivated.
forms and walks have been laid and many other minor improvements have been
Buildings.-On the 9th of December last a contract was closed with Edwin 
Sunderland for the erection on the school site of a large two-story frame
building designed to accommodate 125 pupils and the requisite force of employes,
in accordance with the plans and specifi cations approved by the Commissioner
Indian Affairs, save that the first floors only of the porches were to be
Porches are an essential part of every good dwelling and lodging house in
climate. The great majority of people here, during the hot season, sleep
on porches or in the open air. The plans embraced 400 feet of two-story porches
10 feet wide.* They were designed for employds and pupils to sleep on and
use in place of sitting rooms during the long, hot summer. But at the time
contract was let there were not sufficient building funds to complete the
ing and the entire porches at the same time. The contract price for the erec-
tion of the building and the construction X the first floor of the porches
$18,380. The house was completed as per contract on the 30th of June. The
materials used and the labor performed in its construction were fully up
to the 
requirements of the plans and specifications. 
During the progress of the work on the building it was ascertained that there
was a sufficient balance of the appropriation made for the school for the
year ending June 30, 1892, that might be used in finishing the porches. In
of the climatic conditions prevailing here, the Secretary of the Interior
and the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs deemed the porches an indispensable part of
the building. * I was therefore authorized by the latter, on the 24th of
April, to 
expend a sum not to exceed $2,500 in open market in the purchase of material
and the employment of labor necessary for their competition. In pursuance
this authority they were finished on the 25th of June, at a cost of $2,499,48.
They were constructed of the best materials, in the most careful and workman-
like manner and at the lowest possible cost. They add greatly to the appear-
ance, convenience, comfort, and capacity of the building. 
The house is commodious, airy, and comfortable. It presents a fine appear-
ance, and is admired by all who see it. Competent judges pronounce it the
cheapest public building in Arizona. 
The school was transferred to its permanent quarters on the 6th of May. The
employds and pupils were delighted with the change. The house having been
thoroughly cleaned and the several departments placed in good running order,
steps were taken to secure more pupils. 
New pupils.-On the 25th of May, in pursuance of authority received from the
Conmissioner of Indian Affairs, I visited Sacaton, Pima Agency, to obtain
20 or25 
advanced pupils from the boarding school at that place. With the hearty co-
Operation of C. W. Crounse, United States Indian agent, the superintendent
the school, and the agency physician, I readily secured 25 healthy pupils,
17 girls 
and 8 boys. These pupils had attended tie boarding school from one to three
years each and were a valuable accession to our school. After their arrival
enrollment and average attendance of our school to the close of the term
was 69. 
As my request for another teacher was not complied with, and as Mr. Patton
could not properly instruct so large a number of pupils. Charles Blaekwater,
Indian and the assistant disciplinarian of the school, was detailed to perform
the duties of assistant teacher. His work was quite satisfactory to all con-
The only cash revenue realized from the school site was $317, received for
pasturing cattle. 

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