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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of superintendents of schools,   pp. 647-708 PDF (30.2 MB)


Page 650

650         REPORTS OF SUPER INTENDENTS OP SCHOOLS. 
about a plentiful harvest. The number of acres planted should really be doubled,
because every acre has a double crop-pumpkins or melons being planted between
the hills of corn, etc. 
When I visited them two years ago they did not have over 20 acres planted.
You can easily pick out every acre that has been plowed. Mr. Gaddis has planted
about 2 acres of alfalfa which is looking very well. 
Fruit trees.-I actually counted 1.295 peach trees, and I did not get them
all by 
several hundred. All the trees I counted are old and in full bearing. The
trees 
this year are literally loaded with fruit. I am very sure the 1,295 trees
will av- 
erage 5 bushels to the tiee. They have also about 20 apricot trees in full
bear- 
ing and a number of small ones. 
In places the ground is covered with wild grapes. 
Tools.-I actually counted 78 hoes. As there are only about 43 families this
makes almost 2 to a family. I am not sure I saw all they have. As Mr. Gaddis
has issued but 18 hoes they must have had on hand 60 of these useful implements,
which does not agree very well with the " 2 or 3 old hoes and axes"
reported to 
your office. I saw 20 axes, 6 hatchets, and 6 spades. 
Clothing.-As it has been reported to you that these Indians were destitute
of 
clothing and liable to freeze to death in winter, I took particular pains
to see 
what they had in this line. 
I did not see a naked Indian in the camp, man, woman, or child. Every man
was well dressed, and I counted fifty pairs of pants hanging in the different
wickiups. There were also shirts, vests, coats, dresses, shoes, boots, muslin,
calico in abundance, some flannel, and some linen. I counted 200 Navajo blankets
of the b2st make. These would average over $5 apiece in the market. I counted
150 deer skins, and they had just taken over a hundred to the Moqui villages
to 
trade. These skins'are worth from $1 to $5 apiece. 
Suggestions.-If the work is c6ntinued with these Indians next year, I would
respectfully suggest the purchase of 200 or 300 well-bred Angora goats. I
am 
sure they would do well. Also, 500 tame grapevines, 200 Adriatic fig trees,
and 
50 plum trees. 
I would recommend the retention of Mr. Gaddis, and would suggest that Mrs.
Gaddis be employed as field matron at not less than $25 per month. She is
a good 
cook, a good seamstress, kind, pleasant, and capable, I think. She was before
marriage a school-teacher. 
If no farmer is employed for these Indians next year I desire instructions
as 
to the disposal of the team, harness, and wagon purchased for the use of
the 
farmer. and suggest that they be transferred to this school. 
The reports of my stealings from the Suppais has now reached quite respecta-
ble proportions. In round numbers it is now $7,000, which is doing fairly
well, 
I think, from a total appropriation of $700. The next report will probably
be 
$70,000, and I will be able to retire. 
As I took this trip for the reasons herein stated, and without obtaining
pre- 
vious authority from the office, I inclose vouchers for your apprbval. I
did not 
have on hand quite enough money to bear all expenses, but am perfectly willing
to bear the extra amount myself. 
Very respectfully, 
A. M. MCOWAN, 
Superintendent. 
The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
REPORT OF FARMER FOR YAVA SUPPAI INDIANS. 
WILLIAMS, ARIz.,'June 7, 189g. 
SIR: Having just returned from the Suppai villages, where I have been since
April 10, assist- 
ing the Indians in preparing their land and planting their crops and repairing
their ditches, I 
hereby make the following statement as report to date. Prior to leaving Williams
my instruc- 
tions were as follows: To purchase necessary tools and provisions and deal
them out to the In- 
dians as pay for work as far as possible, thereby encouraging a spirit of
industry; repair their 
ditches, prune their trees, and in general develop a knowledge of agricultural
pursuits among 
them. 
I left Williams April 4, and arrived at the reservation April 10. My first
work was to plant 
some corn and sow some alfalfa. We kept the plow going as much as possible
and Indian men 
and women at work grubbinr and preparing iand until about 100 acres were
planted in seeds 
(part white man's way and part Indianway) and some more prepared for a fall
crop. I re- 
paired all their ditches and built some new new ones to supply all land under
cultivation. 
Condition of Indians. As to food, I consider these people well supplied and
always have been. 
Mescal grows plentifully all over the country. They have abundance of peaches
and many other 


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