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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of superintendents of schools,   pp. 647-708 PDF (30.2 MB)

Page 648

Our girls are taught cutting, fitting, sewing, crocheting, knitting, cooking,
etc. Every Friday afternoon, during the past year, I have had a cooking class
conducted by the laly teachers. Here the girls are taught how to make brealI,
pies, cakes, cookies, and various other articles of diet. Each has her book
writes in it her recipe after using it. These books they take home with them
for use. 
The progress made by our girls the past year has been more than satisfactory.
They have outstripped the boys. Last year they wouldn't talk. They were 
bashful and awkward in the extreme. We didn't have a girl who could walk
across a room without falling over a bench or tripping somebody down. While
free and comparatively graceful in their homes, get them in a schoolroom
they were the quintessence of everything awkward and ungainly. They were
terribly conscious of their own awkwardness, and had we laughed at or ridiculed
them nothing could have been done with them. But by being with them all the
time, kindly showing them something better, not harshly reproving, butgently
encouraging, we have them now-so they will chatter with you by the hour;
can walk across the room without getting their feet tangled; they can make
ress forward instead of sideways; they can look you in the face when they
speak, and can use their handkerchiefs instead of their sleeves. 
Crops.-Since writing my last report the Department has sent us a most excel-
lent irrigating plant, consisting of two Smith & Vaile compound duplex
each with a capacity of 1,200 gallons per minute, with boiler and pipe complete.
They reached Fort Mojave on the 16th of March last, too late to be of much
service this year. We have fenced in about20 acres of bottom land, cleared
land of its thicket of mesquite trees, grubbed out the stumps, and have about
8 acres planted. From this small farm we have already raised and growing-
Hay (4 tons, at $30 per ton)--------------------------------$120.00 
Hay (growing, 10 tons, estimated at $30 per ton)---------------300.00 
Potatoes (100 bushels, at $2 per bushel)-----------------------200.00 
Melons (estimated 2,000, at 10 cents)--------------------------200. 00 
Pumpkins (estimated at 1,000, at 10 cents)---------------------100.00 
Sweet potatoes (estimated at 25 bushels, at $2.50)---------------62. 50 
Besides onions and small vegetables. 
The farm is a success and in time will make money for the school. 
Health.-The health of the school could hardly be better. In the two years
its existence there has not been a death. The doctor has given medicine to
pupils the past year. In the winter we had a slight attack of "1grip"1
In the 
school, and the girls had quite a siege of sore eyes. I attribute the continued
good health of the pupils to the fact that the Department has supplied us
liberally with flannels, and to the further fact that our matron watches
children very closely, not allowing a boy out in his shirt sleeves in January
with a flannel shirt, vest, and coat in June. The excellent good health of
school has done much to dissipate the former lively opposition of many of
old Indians. 
Missionary work.-Nothing has been done by others than school workcers along
this line. Each Sunday we have a Sabbath school and song service. These are
attractions new not only to the pupils, but to the older Indians as well.
Sabbath we have from 25 to 75 old Indians in attendance. When Dr. Dorches-
ter visited us in March and spoke at our Sunday school, he had the very re-
spectable audience of 78 old Indians and 120 pupils. We are going to do more
Sabbath school work this year than ever bfore. By giving our little ones
knowledge of our Bible I hope to remove their old superstitious myths and
cies. This is true education. It is superstition that keeps the savage races
down. Remove the cause and the effect can not help but be satisfactory. 
The longer I remain in the Indian service the more I realize the great need
moral training among the pupils. We want every American citizen to be a 
man, and we can not have a man without first endowing him with the elements
of manhood. What makes a red man a savage but his responsibility to no one
and nothing, except his superstition? If we can train his moral sensibilities
so that he will feel responsible to an inward monitor, and hearken to its
ings of right and wrong, we are certainly giving him an education in every-
way proper and necessary. 
Patriotism-The older Uncle Sam becomes the more of dignity he acquires. 
Every year adds a wrinkle, and every wrinkle begets respect. As the quad-

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