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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of supervisors of education,   pp. 619-646 PDF (13.1 MB)


Page 645

REPORTS OF SUPERVISORS OF EDUCATION.                 645 
is done in Government schools of the same grade. I admit that in some of
the 
contract schools the children receive very good care and training. but as
a rule 
the teaching force in these schools is not near so strong as it is in the
Government 
schools. Consequently I find that a pupil who attendrd a contr-act school
for 
four years is not so far advanced as one who attended a Government school
for 
the same time. Again, the contract schools are not equipped to give the indus-
trial training which the Indian needs so much. 
Government day schools.-The one at McCarty's was closed because the Indians
refused to send their children, and a new one was opened at Fort Apache.
These 
schools are having a hard struggle to get along. In too many cases the parents
do not take interest enough in the welfare of their children to see that
they at- 
tend school. It is very often necessary for the teacher to send some one
for the 
children in the morning and at noon, and even then the attendance is very
irreg- 
ular. Again som- children might be willing to attend but thiey have absolutely
no clothing that is fit to wear. These schools could be greatly improved
by 
clothing the children and by paying an Indian policeman to see that all the
chil- 
dren of the village in which the school is are in regular attendance. 
Reservation boarding schools. -Arizona has four Indian agencies and at each
one 
w- have a boarding school. The work done at each one is quite satisfactory,
but 
the capacity at each one should be enlarged and then the schools kept filled.
The Pima school has the best buildings and the largest attendance. The San
Carlos school is doing good work, but has poor quarters; since my last visit
the 
buildings were thoroughly repaired. The school at Fort Defiance should have
a much larger attendance. There are between 3,000 and 4,000 school children
among the Navajos and less than 100 attend school! Thetme are s everal hundred
childrcn who attend no school'on each of the other reservations. 
The only reservation boarding school in New Mexico is at Mescalero. Agent
Rhodes had this school filled to its utmost capacity. About one-half the
school 
children were in attendance. I transferred 26 to the school at Fort Lewis
to 
make room for those not then in school. After the school is filled again
the 
school population on the Mescalero Reservation will be nearly all in school.
The 
school buildings at this agency are poor and very poorly arranged. 
There is no school on the Jicarilla Reservation, and I am inclined to think
that a 
school there would have a hard struggle to eke out an existence. The parents
are 
very shiftless, decidedly opposed to schools and advancement, and deem it
their 
duty to visit a neighboring town very frequently. At least 200 children of
school 
age, not attending any school, are on this reservation. Their home is close
to 
the Fort Lewis school, and the Government should compel the parents to place
their children in that school. 
The Southern Utes in Colorado have at least 225 school children. Of these
only 16 attend any school. When I was with these people they were urged by
the whites, who desire to take possession of the land on the reservation,
to oppose 
the plan of the Government and not allow their children to go to school,
and they 
actually succeeded in making the Indians believe that the Government was
do- 
ing wrong in asking them to place their children in any school. Iwould recom-
mend that the same course which I suggested for the Jicarillas be followed
on 
this reservation. 
The new buildings for the Uintah school in Utah not being ready in time for
the opening of the school interfered very much with the enrollment and attend-
ance at that school during the year, but with the comfortable quarters which
we have now we entertain bright hopes for the future. 
Bonded or training schools.-Of these we have three in Arizona, two in New
Mexico, and two in Colorado. The second one in Colorado is at Fort Lewis,
and 
was opened in March. This is a delightful place for a school, and it has
the 
grounds, buildings, and other accommodations to make it one of the large
In- 
dian schools of the country. The work done in this class of schools is very
sat- 
isfactory, but we are all the time trying to do still better. It is really
surprising 
to watch the progress that the pupils make, especially in the different indus-
trial departments. 
RECOMMENDATIONS. 
Establish a reading room for the children at every school and supply it with
suitable reading matter. 
Either compel all contract schools to follow the course of study prepared
by 
the Indian Office or close them. 
The Indians are the wards of the nation. All of them should be educated 
and for many reasons the Government should do that. 
r 
-Mod 


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