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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1892
([1892])

Reports of agents in Wisconsin,   pp. 512-521 PDF (4.7 MB)


Page 515

REPORTS OF AGENTS IN WISCONSIN. 
515 
The Red Cliff Reservation is located 5 miles from Bayfleld, a town on the
Chicago, 
St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway. A good wagon road connects Bay-
field with the Indian village on Buffalo Bay. 
The Bad River Reservation lies a few miles east of the city of Ashland. The
prin- 
cipal settlement is at Odanah, a station on the Milwaukee, Lake Shore and
West- 
ern PAailway, 10 miles east of Ashland. 
The Lac Courte d'Oreilles Reservation is located in Sawyer County, Wis. The
nearest 
railway town is Hayward, a station on the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis
and 
Omaha Railway. The principal Indian villages, Lac Courte d'Oreilles and Pah-
quauhwong, are distant from Hayward 22 miles and are connected with the last
mentioned town by means of a fair wagon road. 
Of Lac du Flambeau Reserve, the principal village is located at the foot
of the lake 
bearing the same name and 25 miles from Minocqua, a station on the Valley
division of Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad. A fair wagon road 
winding through the woods connects these places. 
The Fond du Lac Reservation is found about 24 mil s west of Duluth. The Indian
villag-e of Fond du Lac is situated 2 miles from Cloquet, a station on the
lines of 
the Duluth and Winnipeg and Duluth and St. Paul Railways. Another village
on this reservation is located 10 miles west from Cloquet and 1 mile from
Sawyer, 
a station on the Northern Pacific Railroad. 
The Vermillion Lake Reservation is situated 3 miles from the town of Tower,
a 
station on the Duluth and Iron Range Railroad. The Boise Forte Indians have
a number of settlements in St. Louis and Itasca Counties, in the State of
Minne- 
sota, beside the one at Vermillion Lake, but the farmer, teachers, and black-
smith are established at Vermiilion Lake. 
The Grand Portage Reservation is situated about 200 miles from Ashland on
the 
north shore of Lake Superior. The village is built on Grand Portage Bay about
10 miles west of the mouth of Pigeon River, a stream that, for a number of
miles, forms the boundary line between the United States and the Dominion
of 
Canada. 
Census.-The aggregate population of the reserve of this agency is 4,816,
and is 
apportioned among the several reservations as follows: 
Red Cliff  ---------------------------------------------------500 
Bad River--------------------------------609--, 
Lac Courte d'Oreilles ---------------------------------------11214, 
Lac du Flambeau ----669 
Fond du Lac_                                                   735 
Vermillion Lake---------------------------------------------774' 
Grand Portage----------------------------------------------315 
Total---------------------------------------------------4816 
The following table gives the several classes of persons as required by sect"on
211 of the Indian regulations: 
SchoL- 
Males   Females  childr e 
Name of band.                  above 18  over   betwen 
years.  14 years. 6 and is 
yeafs. 
Red Cliff..    .    .   .    .   .    ..--------------------------------------------------
130  141  170 
Bad River -------------------------------------------------------- 220  211
Lac Courte d'Oreilles. .  .    .    ..---------------------------------------
364  415  319 
Lac du Flambeau                                      213      253      1-.
Fond duLa- ---------------------------------------178         237      220
V erm illion  L ake  .................................................--
 230  234  169 
Grand Portage..    .   ..--------------------------------------------- 75
 97  -- 
Total.  .   .  .    .  .   .   .   ..----------------------------------------------
1,410  . 1,558  1,236 
Condition of Indians.-A decided improvement is manifest in the condition
of these 
Indians during the past year. This is especially true of the Indians on the
re- 
serves in Wisconsin. They have taken a greater interest in farming than they
have shown at any former period. A larger area has been brought under cul-
tivation, the crops have been well cultivated, and the abundant crops harvested
have opened the eyes of the natives to great wealth slumbering in the soil.
The teams and utensils in the possession of the Government farmers have been
constantly employed in the clearing of lands and preparing them for planting.


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