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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1892
([1892])

Report of agent in Utah,   pp. 482-487 PDF (2.8 MB)


Page 486

486                  REPORT OF AGENT IN UTAH. 
rating these Indians into progressive and nonprogressive bands: those on
the 
west learning to farm, to plant fruit trees, to haul freight, in fact, to
do all 
kinds of work, and to favor schools; those on the east to oppose all these.
The agency buildings, situated on a gravelly beach at the junction of the
Ducheane 
and Green Rivers, were chiefly built by the military when this was Fort Thorn-
burg. They are log and stockade, with no value attached; in fact valueless,
with 
the exception of the agent's dwelling, which is good, and another used for
an 
office, which is only fair. There is no tillable land within 2 miles. Some
hay 
for agency use is cut on a piece of overflow bottom land; in case it fails
to over- 
flow there is no hay. 
School buildings.-Thanks to the energetic policy now prevailing at the Indian
Office, there are now being erected near the junction of the Uintah and Du-
chesne Rivers, on this reservation, three substantial brick buildings for
school 
purposes, the first that have ever been attempted for these Indians. Of course,
it remains to be seen how well this school will be sustained with children.
It 
must be said to the credit of these indians that, although having no schools
nor 
religious teachers, they are not behind their fellow Utes in the use of civilized
ways. 
Irrigation.-The future of these Indians depends so entirely upon the matter
of 
irrigation that it is the one subject uppermost in the management of their
af- 
fairs. Especially is this so in regard to the school; and I am now having
a canal 
surveyed (by authority) that will, when built, bring under water some 8,000
to 
10,000 acres of good land, and that immediately adjoining the school buildings.
-         On this land I hope to settle the majority of the farming Indians
at no distant 
day. Other tracts equally good and in close proximity could be opened up
at 
comparatively small outlay, and this should be done as occasion requires.
Farming.-Increased attention to this important branch is noticeable, and
in 
the few places where ditching is practicable at moderate expense, new farms
are 
opened up. On several of such I saw a few days ago the fruit trees set out
last 
spring, growing in fine order. Some fifteen or more farmers set out trees,
90 
per cent of which are doing finely. From personal examination I am satisfied
that the estimates of grain raised are within the facts. 
Allotments.-A few of these Indians have requested to have their lands allotted
to them; though any attempt at general allotment would encounter bitter op-
position, especially on the part of those living east of the Green River.
One 
man, Red Moon, a subchief, living in the extreme southeast corner of the
re- 
serve, may be fairly denominated a "malcontent," often using threats
of violence 
_ "       toward his white neighbors, claiming much more territory than
the well-ascer- 
tained boundaries will warrant, and is often very sullen and fault-finding
at the 
agency; a regular reactionist, in fact. 
Police.-The police of this agency are quite efficient, obeying all orders
promptly, 
and are fairly enlightened and progressive men. No crimes are recorded on
this reservation this year. One case of disturbance between two brothers
on ac- 
count of some lands, owned jointly, was nearly leading to violence. Taking
my 
farmer, I met the two parties on the ground with Chief Chav-a-nau, and effected
a division and amicable settlement on just termS, since which time all has
gone 
well. 
Herding.-By reference to tables it will be seen that these Indians have con-
siderable stock interests, aggregating 6,550 horses, 2,700 sheep, 1,100 goats,
425 cattle, 150 domestic fowls. The cattle noted above are the product of
former 
issues, which have been well cared for. 
The agency herd.-I receipted to ex-Agent Byrnes on July 17, 1890, for 1,200
head 
of cattle; 53 head of these were slaughtered for issue (by authority). A
year 
ago there were 1,365 head on hand. Chief herder McAndrews is now making a
complete roundup, the result of which I will be able to report soon. He advised
me that the cattle are in prime condition. 
No missionary or evangelical work has ever been attempted on this agency,
nor could I say that the field is a promising one; but venture the hope that
our 
new school may be given a distinctively Christian character. 
_ _      Population.- 
*Males-------------------------520 
Females------------------------514 
Total-----------------------1,034 


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